Burnout in the stress system of aviation professionals 286
PhD, Associate Professor of the Department of Scientific Foundations of Extreme Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia
The article describes the factors of professional stress in aviation, determined by advances in aviation construction against the background of planetary global economic, political and environmental changes. The development of technology in the aviation industry by the 1980s reached a level that minimized both the impact of aggressive environmental factors and the physical activity of those employed in aviation. Currently, the problems of companies' relations with personnel, caused by frequent downfalls of aircraft on the one hand and the growth of aviation traffic, the level of optimization of organizational structures on the other, come to the fore in this area. As a result, staff are forced to share jobs, receive training in time, be at risk of losing their jobs, or work to the limit. Vertical relations, in turn, affect the socio-psychological climate in the teams and the nature of the relationship of aviation specialists. Also of particular urgency is the problem of professional burnout of aviation specialists, exacerbating in the situation of the Covid-19 pandemic.
Sechko A.V. Professional'noe «vygoranie» letnogo sostava,
ili pochemu ukhodyat iz aviatsii. Vestnik mezhdunarodnoi akademii problem
cheloveka v aviatsii i kosmonavtike = [Bulletin of the International Academy of
Human Problems in Aviation and Cosmonautics]. 2006. Vol. 4,
no. 23, pp. 29–36. (In Russ.).
Sechko A.V. Professional'noe vygoranie letnogo sostava VVS
Rossiiskoi Federatsii. Avtoref. dis. kand. psikh. Nauk [Ph. D. (Psyhology)
Thesis]. Moscow, 2006. 23 p. (In Russ.).
Sechko A.V. Professional'noe vygoranie letnogo sostava VVS
Rossiiskoi Federatsii. Dis. kand. psikhol. nauk [Ph. D. (Psyhology) diss.].
Moscow, 2006. 201 p. (In Russ.).
Sechko A.V. Professional'noe vygoranie letnogo sostava
VVS, postanovka problem. Ezhegodnik Rossiiskogo psikhologicheskogo
obshchestva = [Yearbook of the Russian Psychological Society]: Spetsial'nyi
vypusk. Vol. 3. Moscow, 2005, pp. 168–170. (In Russ.).
Sechko A.V. Psikhologicheskaya model' professional'nogo
vygoraniya pedagogicheskogo sostava. Psikhologiya obucheniya = Psychology of
Education, 2017. Vol. 6, pp. 86–96. (In Russ.).
Sechko A.V., Leongardt O.R. Professional'naya
vovlechennost' pedagogov v sisteme psikhologicheskikh vzglyadov.
Psikhologiya obucheniya = Psychology of Education, 2018. Vol. 5,
pp. 104–114. (In Russ.).
Rozenova M.I. et al. Stress i strakh v ekstremal'noi
situatsii. Sovremennaya zarubezhnaya psikhologiya = Journal of Modern
Foreign Psychology, 2020. Vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 94–102.
DOI:10.17759/jmfp.2020090110 (In Russ.).
Ekore J.O. et al. A cross-sectional investigation of
prevalence of occupational burnout in Saudi aviation industry. International
Journal of Engineering Business Management, 2020. Vol. 12,
pp. 1–8. DOI:10.1177/1847979020946919
Abu-Rayash A., Dincer I. Analysis of mobility trends
during the COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic: Exploring the impacts on global
aviation and travel in selected cities. Energy Research & Social
Science. 2020. Vol. 68, article AD 101693, 9 p.
Brezonakova A. Pilot Burnout as a Human Factor Limitation.
Transportation Research Procedia, 2017. Vol. 28, pp. 11–15.
Demerouti E. et al. Burnout among pilots: psychosocial
factors related to happiness and performance at simulator training.
Ergonomics and Human Factors in Aviation, 2019. Vol. 62,
no. 2, pp. 233–245. DOI:10.1080/00140139.2018.1464667
De Voogt A. A Review of General Aviation Accidents in
Pacific Ocean Operations [Elektronnyi resurs]. International Journal of
Applied Aviation Studies, 2010. Vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 221–227.
URL: https://www.academy.jccbi.gov/ama-800/Winter_2009.pdf#page=103 (Accessed
Dekker S. Pilots, Controllers and Mechanics on Trial:
Cases, Concerns and Countermeasure [Elektronnyi resurs]. International
Journal of Applied Aviation Studies, 2010. Vol. 10, no. 1,
pp. 31–45. URL:
Demerouti E. Strategies used by individuals to prevent
burnout. European Journal of Clinical Investigation, 2015. Vol. 45,
no. 10, pp. 1106–1112. DOI:10.1111/eci.12494
Everstine B.W. Coping with COVID Across the Force
[Elektronnyi resurs]. Air Force Magasine, 2020. Vol. 103,
no. 7. URL:
Everstine B.W., McCullough A. Getting the Job Done Despite
a Global Pandemic [Elektronnyi resurs]. Air Force Magasine, 2020.
Vol. 103, no. 5. URL:
Fogarty G.J., Buikstra E. A Test of Direct and Indirect
Pathways Linking Safety Climate, Psychological Health, and Unsafe Behaviours
[Elektronnyi resurs]. International Journal of Applied Aviation Studies,
2008. Vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 199–210. URL:
Gössling S. Risks, resilience, and pathways to sustainable
aviation: A COVID-19 perspective. Journal of Air Transport Management,
2020. Vol. 89, article AD 101933, 4 p.
Harris J.S. For Helicopter Pilots, Managing Stress Is Part
of Flying Safely [Elektronnyi resurs]. Fligh Safety Foundation. Helicopter
Safety, 1995. Vol. 21, no. 1, 6 p. URL:
https://flightsafety.org/hs/hs_jan_feb95.pdf (Accessed 25.03.2021).
Kelly D., Efthymiou M. An analysis of human factors in
fifty controlled flight into terrain aviation accidents from 2007 to 2017.
Journal of Safety Research, 2019. Vol. 69, pp. 155–165.
Oprihory J.L. Yokota Makes Contact Tracing Mandatory for
All Personnel [Elektronnyi resurs]. Air Force Magasine, 2020.
Vol. 103, no. 12. URL:
Sumerfield B.D. et al. Physiologic Challenges to Pilots of
Modern High Performance Aircraft. In Melih Kushan (ed.), Aircraft
Technology. London: IntechOpen, 2018, pp. 43–75.
Sun X., Wandelt S., Zhang A. How did COVID-19 impact air
transportation? A first peek through the lens of complex networks. Journal
of Air Transport Management, 2020. Vol. 89, article AD 101928,
7 p. DOI:10.1016/j.jairtraman.2020.101928
Tourigny L., Baba V.V. Wang X. Stress episode in aviation:
The case of China. Cross Cultural Management An International Journal,
2010. Vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 62–78.
You-De D. et al. Work engagement and job burn out? Roles
of regulatory foci, supervisors’ organizational embodiment and psychological
ownership. Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management, 2021.
Vol. 46, pp. 114–122. DOI:10.1016/j.jhtm.2020.12.001