A woman and her newborn in a situation at risk of contracting coronavirus 19
The article discusses the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on motherhood and newborns and the issue of psychological safety during gestation. Information search showed that it is necessary to work very carefully with reports of direct associations of viral infection with adverse postnatal manifestations. At the same time, at present one can observe a sharp increase in adverse outcomes of delivery, up to intrauterine death and fetal asphyxia, resuscitation of newborns and other consequences in women who refuse vaccination. The works of transnational research teams on the need to separate an infected mother and a weak newborn, to stop direct feeding, to stay together for a long time in kangaroo mode are presented. Most researchers believe that the probability of vertical transmission of the virus from mother to fetus is low and the risk of infection of the newborn is associated mainly with caregivers. Foreign studies of psychological problems of pregnant women and delivered women are presented. A huge layer of problems of the psychological well-being of an infected young mother, as well as healthy pregnant women against the background of the pandemic, is being is introduced.
Kosolapova Yu.A., Morozov L.A., Inviyaeva E.V., Makieva
M.I., Zubkov V.V., Degtyarev D.N. Vliyanie COVID-19 na iskhody
beremennosti i sostoyanie novorozhdennykh: obzor literatury [Impact of COVID-19
on pregnancy outcomes and neonatal health (literature
review)]. Akusherstvo i ginekologiya: novosti, mneniya, obuchenie =
Obstetrics and gynecology: news, opinions, training, 2021. Vol. 9,
no. 4, pp. 63—70. DOI:10.33029/2303-9698-2021-9-4-63-70 (In Russ.).
Vremennye metodicheskie rekomendatsii “Profilaktika,
diagnostika i lechenie novoi koronavirusnoi infektsii (COVID-19)”. Versiya 5
(08.04.2020) (utv. Ministerstvom zdravookhraneniya RF) [Interim Guidelines on
Prevention, Diagnosis and Treatment of Novel Coronavirus Infection
(COVID-19). Version 5 (04/08/2020) (approved by the Ministry of Health of
the Russian Federation)] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Ministry of Health of the
Russian Federation. 2020 GARANT.RU : informatsionno-pravovoi portal
[GARANT.RU: information and legal portal]. Moscow: GARANT-SERVIS, 2022.
URL: https://www.garant. ru/products/ipo/prime/doc/73753942/
(Accessed 18.03.2022). (In Russ.).
Organizatsiya okazaniya meditsinskoi pomoshchi beremennym,
rozhenitsam, rodil'nitsam i novorozhdennym pri novoi koronavirusnoi
infektsii COVID-19 [Organization of medical care for pregnant women, women in
childbirth, puerperas and newborns with a new coronavirus infection
COVID-19] [Elektronnyi resurs]: Metodicheskie rekomendatsii. 2021. 131
p. Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation.
URL: https://static-0.minzdrav.gov.ru/system/attachments/ attaches/000/057/311/original/05072021_MR_Preg_v4.pdf?1625512556
(Accessed 18.03.2022). (In Russ.).
Rekomendatsii dlya naseleniya v otnoshenii infektsii,
vyzvannoi novym koronavirusom (COVID-19) [Recommendations for the
population regarding infection caused by the novel coronavirus (COVID-19)]
[Elektronnyi resurs]. 2020. World Health Organization.
URL: https://www.who.int/ru/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advice-for-public (Accessed
18.03.2022). (In Russ.).
Smorti M., Ponti L., Ionio C., Gallese M., Andreol A.,
Bonassi L. Becoming a mother during the COVID-19 nationallockdown in
Italy: Issues linked to the wellbeing ofpregnant women. International
Journal of Psychology, 2022. Vol. 57, no. 1, pp. 146—152.
Rottenstreich M., Sela H.Y., Rotem R., Kadish E.,
Wiener-Well Y., Grisaru-Granovsky S. Covid-19 vaccination during the third
trimester of pregnancy: rate of vaccination and maternal and neonatal outcomes,
a multicentre retrospective cohort study. BJOG An International
Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 2022. Vol. 129, no. 2, pp.
Ionio C., Gallese M., Fenaroli V., Smorti M., Greco A.,
Testa I., Zilioli A., Bonassi L. COVID-19: what about pregnant women
during first lockdown in Italy? Journal of Reproductive and Infant
Psychology, 2021. Ahead-of-print, pp. 1—13.
Aassve A., Cavalli N., Mencarinia L., Placha S., Sanders S.
Early assessment of the relationship between the COVID-19 pandemic and
births in highincome countries. PNAS, 2021. Vol. 118, no.
36, 3 p. DOI:10.1073/pnas.2105709118
Perez A., Schepanski S., Gobel A., Stuhrmann L.Y., Singer
D., Bindt C., Mudra S. Experience of early motherhood during the frst wave
of the COVID-19 pandemic in Northern Germany: a single-centre before and after
comparison. Journal of reproductive and infant
psychology, 2021. Ahead-of-print, pp. 1—17.
Gonzalez-Garcia V., Exertier M., Denis A. Anxiety,
post-traumatic stress symptoms, and emotion regulation: A longitudinal
study of pregnant women having given birth during the COVID-19
pandemic. European Journal of Trauma &
Dissociation, 2021. Vol. 5, no. 2, 6 p.
Gray A., Barnett J. Welcoming new life under lockdown:
Exploring the experiences of first-time mothers who gave birth during the
COVID-19 pandemic. British Journal of Health
Psychology, 2021, 19 p. DOI:10.1111/bjhp.12561
Guidance for surveillance of SARS-CoV-2 variants: Interim
guidance, 9 August 2021 [Elektronnyi resurs]. World Health Organization
(ed.). Geneva: World Health Organization, 2021. 18 p.
URL: https://www.who.int/publications/i/ item/WHO_2019-nCoV_surveillance_variants
Wang Y., Chen L., Wu T., Shi H., Li Q., Jiang H., Zheng D.,
Wang X., Wei Y., Zhao Y., Qiao J. Impact of Covid-19 in pregnancy on
mother's psychological status and infant's neurobehavioral development: a
longitudinal cohort study in China. BMC Medicine, 2020.
Vol. 18. Article ID 347. 10 p. DOI:10.1186/s12916-020-01825-1
Chiu-Lin Wang, Yi-Yin liu, Chin-Hu Wu, Chun-Yu Wang,
Chun-Hung Wang, Cheng-Yu Long Impact of COVID-19 on
Pregnancy. International Journal of Medical Sciences, 2021.
Vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 763—767. DOI:10.7150/ijms.49923
Puopolo K.M., Hudak M.L., Kimberlin D.W., Cummings J.
INITIAL GUIDANCE: Management of Infants Born to Mothers with COVID-19 Date
of Document: April 2, 2020 [Elektronnyi resurs]. American Academy of
Pediatrics Committee on Fetus and Newborn, Section on Neonatal Perinatal
Medicine, and Committee on Infectious Diseases, 2020. 18 p. SIGO:
Societa' Italiana di ginecologia e ostetricia.
URL: https://www.sigo.it/comunicati-covid-19/initial-guidance-management-of-infants-born-to-mothers-with-covid-19/ (Accessed
Abourida Y., Rebahi H., Oussayeh I., Chichou H., Fakhir B.,
Soummani A., Jalal H., Bennaoui F., El Idrissi Slitine N. et al.
Management of Severe COVID-19 in Pregnancy. Case Reports in Obstetrics
and Gynecology, 2020. Vol. 2020, article ID 8852816. 5 p.
Molgora S., Accordini M. Motherhood in the Time of
Coronavirus: The Impact of the Pandemic Emergency on Expectant and
Postpartum Women's Psychological Well-Being. Frontiers in
Psychology, 2020. Vol. 11. Article ID 567155. 16 p.
Sanchez-Luna M., Colomer B.F., de Alba Romero C., Alarcon
Allen A., Souto A.B., Longueira F.C., Bad^a M.C., Pradell Z.G., Gonzalez
Lopez M., Lopez Herrera M.C. et al. Neonates Born to Mothers With COVID-19:
Data From the Spanish Society of Neonatology
Registry. Pediatrics, 2021. Vol. 147, no. 2, article ID
e2020015065, 10 p. DOI:10.1542/ peds.2020-015065
Pregnant mothers and babies born during COVID-19 pandemic
threatened by strained health systems and disruptions in services: Press
release № 75 [Elektronnyi resurs]. Unicef for every
URL: https://www.unicef.org/romania/ press-releases/pregnant-mothers-and-babies-born-during-covid-19-pandemic-threatened-strained-health
Minckas N., Medvedev M.M., Adejuyigbe E.A., Brotherton H.,
Chellani H., Estifanos A.S., Ezeaka C., Gobezayehu A.G., Irimu G., Kawaza
K. et al. Preterm care during the COVID-19 pandemic: A comparative risk
analysis of neonatal deaths averted by kangaroo mother care versus
mortality due to SARS-CoV-2
infection. EClinicalMedicine, 2021. Vol. 33. Article ID
100733. 8 p. DOI:10.1016/j.eclinm.2021.100733
Ghazanfarpour M., Bahrami F., Fakari F.R., Ashrafinia F.,
Babakhanian M., Dordeh M., Abdi F. Prevalence of anxiety and depression
among pregnant women during the COVID-19 pandemic: a
meta-analysis. Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics &
Gynecology, 2021. Ahead-of-print. 13 p.
Lipkind H.S., Vazquez-Benitez G., DeSilva M., Vesco K.K.,
Ackerman-Banks C., Zhu J., Boyce T.G., Daley M.F., Fuller C.C., Getahun D.
et al. Receipt of COVID-19 Vaccine During Pregnancy and Preterm or
Small-for-Gestational-Age at Birth — Eight Integrated Health Care
Organizations, United States, December 15, 2020—July 22,
2021. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 2022. Vol.
71, no. 1, pp. 26—30. DOI:10.15585/mmwr.mm7101e1
Rao S.P.N., Minckas N., Medvedev M.M., Gathara D.,
Prashantha Y.N., Estifanos A.S., Silitonga A.C., Jadaun A.S., Adejuyigbe
E.A., Brotherton H. et al. Small and sick newborn care during the COVID-19
pandemic: global survey and thematic analysis of healthcare providers'
voices and experiences. BMJ Glob Health, 2021. Vol. 6, no.
3, article ID e004347, 11 p. DOI:10.1136/bmjgh-2020-004347
WHO SAGE roadmap for prioritizing use of COVID-19 vaccines:
An approach to optimize the global impact of COVID-19 vaccines, based on
public health goals, global and national equity, and vaccine access and
coverage scenarios (Version 21 January 2022) [Elektronnyi resurs]. World
Health Organization (ed.). Geneva: World Health Organization, 2022. 23 p.
URL: https://reliefweb.int/report/world/who-sage-roadmap-prioritizing-uses-covid-19-vaccines-approach-optimize-global-impact (Accessed