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On the Dialogical Nature of Psychotherapeutic Experience 986
The author reviews the different types of psychotherapeutic experience — just like they exist in everyday life, regardless of the moment of its special cultivation within the organised activity of a psychotherapist or a consultant. He distinguishes between two types of the experience, depending on its origin: impressive and expressive. As the author puts it, spontaneous forms of psychotherapeutic experience are based on a fundamental ontological need for 'the other' which is a non-specific condition of al organised forms of psychotherapy. The dialogical character of communication in psychotherapeutic process creates a kind of inner — natural — precondition that allow psychotherapeutic phenomena to occur, regardless of therapist's professional attainments.
Keywords: psychotherapy, psychological counseling, "unintended psychotherapy", examples from literature and history, "Self" and "Other", M.M. Bakhtin, marketing character, E. Fromm, dialogical paradigm