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Cultural-Historical Psychology

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1816-5435

ISSN (online): 2224-8935

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/chp

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2005

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

Affiliated ISCAR

 

Levels of Processing and Zinchenko's Approach to Memory Research 1572

Craik F.
PhD in Psychology, Senior Scientist (Rotman Research Institute), University Professor Emeritus of Psychology (University of Toronto), Toronto, Canada

Lockhart R.
PhD in Psychology, professor in the Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada

Abstract
In this article we outline some of the main ideas and observations embodied in the levels of processing approach to memory research (Craik & Lockhart, 1972; Craik & Tulving, 1975) and compare these concepts and findings with those previously reported by P.I. Zinchenko. There are clearly many similarities between the two sets of ideas, as pointed out by Meshcheryakov (2008). We acknowledge these similarities while also pointing out differences between the two approaches. The field of memory studies would benefit from a closer integration between the ideas stemming from activity theory and those in the Western tradition.

Keywords: P. I. Zinchenko, A. A. Smirnov, B. G. Meshcheryakov, activity theory, levels of processing theory, voluntary and involuntary memorization

Column: Issues of History and Theory of P.I. Zinchenko Memory Psychology

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