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Cultural-Historical Psychology

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1816-5435

ISSN (online): 2224-8935

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/chp

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2005

Published quarterly

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Open Access Journal

Affiliated ISCAR

 

Explicit Omission in Mnemonic Activity 990

Gershkovich V.A.
PhD in Psychology, Assistant, General Psychology Chair, Department of Psychology, Saint-Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia
e-mail: Gershkovich_v@mail.ru

Abstract
The aim of the study was to explore the possibilities of active information selection in memory, as well as to examine factors influencing the effectiveness of targeted information omission when performing mnemonic tasks. Two experiments were carried out with 98 participants. The bystimulus method for directed forgetting was used in conjunction with the overlearning method. The findings indicate that the presence of additional set of stimuli in the material for memorization does not affect the effectiveness of overlearning, there is no interference between disregarded and memorized items. When the task of overlearning was simplified and task of omission was made more complex by adding a structure to the presented material we observed the opposite effect. We conclude that explicit omission is possible when conscious control is aimed at a more difficult task and does not monitor the task of disregard.

Keywords: Mnemonic Activity, Selectivity, Explicit Omission, Directed Forgetting, Conscious Control, Irrelevant Information, Mental Interference

Column: Empirical Research

For Reference

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