Previous issue (2020. Vol. 16, no. 3)
Included in Web of Science СС (ESCI)
Nostalgia: A Dialogue between Knowledge and Memory 1542
PhD in Psychology, Psychologist, Private Practice,, New York, USA
This article describes the phenomenon of nostalgia as a special kind of emotional memory that allows a person to keep the illusion of continuity in a situation of dramatic life changes. Based on literature analysis and on psychotherapeutic work experience with immigrants from the former Soviet Union in the United States, the author shows that nostalgia may manifest in severe psychosomatic conditions, agitated depression, psychotic and dissociative symptoms. To better understand this phenomenon the author analyses «Home» as a personal geographic and culture-historic object that is located between the person and the environment. Based on the
object relations theory author shows that in case of breach of such an intermediate space the meeting with novelty in the world leads to fear, while the inner experiences often cause the state of horror. Nostalgia in these conditions serves to: 1) re-establish connection with the lost; 2) reject the novelty of the world; 3) prevent new knowledge about oneself in the absence of familiar cultural landmarks.
Keywords: Nostalgia, Breach of Continuity of the Living World, Identity, Object Relations Theory, Psychosis, Dissociation
- Ionin L. G. Soziologiya kul'tury. M., 1996.
- Kamyu A. Neznakomez. Paris: Editions Victor. 1942.
- Mamardashvili M. K. Lekzii o Pruste. M., 1995.
- Nabokov V. Sobr. soch. T. 1. M., 1990.
- Beizer M., & Hyman I. Refugees time perspective and mental health // American Journal of Psychiatry, 154 (7).1997.
- Bion W. R. Learning from experience. London: William Heinemann Medical Books, Ltd., 1962.
- Bock P. (Ed.) Culture shock: A reader in modern anthropology. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
- Brownfield C. Isolation: Clinical and experimental approaches. New York, Random House. 1965.
- Bruner J. (1991, Autumn). The narrative construction of reality. Critical Inquiry.
- Castelnuovo-Tedesco P. Reminiscence and nostalgia: The pleasure and pain of remembering. In S. I. Greenspan and G. H. Pollock (Eds.), The course of life: Psychoanalytic contributions toward understanding personality development (Vol. III), Adulthood and aging process. Washington. 1980.
- Erikson E. Childhood and Society. New York, 1963.
- Flicker D., & Weiss P. Nostalgia and its military implications. War Medicine, 4. 1943.
- Fried M. Grieving for a lost home. In L. Duhl (Ed.), The urban condition: People and policy in the metropolis. New York, 1963.
- Frost I. Homesickness and immigrant psychoses // Journal of Mental Sciences, 84. 1938.
- Fullivole M. T. Psychiatric implications of displacement: Contributions from the psychology of place. American Journal of Psychiatry 153 (12). 1996.
- Grinberg L. & Grinberg R. Psychoanalytic perspectives on migration and exile. New Haven & London. 1989.
- Harris A. Sensory deprivation and schizophrenia // Journal of Mental Science, 105. 1959.
- Martin A. Nostalgia // The American Journal of Psychoanalysis, 14 (1). 1954.
- Maurois A. From Proust to Camus: Profiles of modern French writers. Garden City, New York: Doubleday & Company, Inc. 1966.
- McCann W. H. Nostalgia: A review of the literature // Psychological bulletin, 38. 1941.
- Neumann E. Fear of the feminine. Quadrant, 19(1), 730. 1986.
- Paasi A. Deconstructing regions: Notes on the scales of spatial life // Environment and planning, 23. 1991. [Free full-text]
- Peters R. M. Reflections on the origins and aim of nostalgia // Journal of Analytical Psychology, 30 (2). 1985.
- Ricoeur P. Oneself as another. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 1992.
- Rushdie S. Imaginary homelands. London: Granta Books. 1991.
- Sanchez G., & Brown T. Nostalgia: A Swiss disease. American Journal of Psychiatry, 151(11). 1994.
- Sterba E. Homesickness and the mother's breast // Psychiatric Quarterly, 14. 1940.
- Winnicott D. W. Playing and reality. London, New York: Routledge. 1986.
- Wotruba A., & Cernovsky Z. Freud's selfanalysis and the inner life of contemporary refugees // The American Journal of Psychoanalysis, 47(3), 1987.
- Zinchenko A. Nostalgia and discontinuity of life: Multiple case study of older ex-Soviet refugees seeking psychotherapeutic help for immigration related problems. Doctoral Dissertation, Saybrook Institute, San Francisco, 2001.