Russian Psychological Issues
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice For AuthorsAbout PsyJournals.ruContact Us

  Previous issue (2020. Vol. 16, no. 3)

Included in Web of Science СС (ESCI)

Included in Scopus


Cultural-Historical Psychology

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1816-5435

ISSN (online): 2224-8935


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2005

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

Affiliated ISCAR


Theory of Mind Without the Concept of «Mind» Itself 1088


Meshcheryakov B.G.
Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social and Human Sciences, Senior Researcher, Dubna State University, Dubna, Russian Federation, Dubna, Russia

Dubovskaya I.S.
Master in Psychology, alumni of the the Psychology chair of the «Dubna» University, Dubna, Russia

Dubyaga E.V.
Master in Psychology, alumni of the the Psychology chair of the «Dubna» University, Dubna, Russia

The article provides the results of research carried out on the samples of preschoolers (N = 55) and adults (N = 19). They were given the task to range ten animals (from ladybird to monkey) on the scale «the cleverest — the silliest». The preschoolers' results do not comply with the anthropomorphic hypothesis that supposes that children assess animals' intelligence depending on their similarity to a human. Children differ from adults not only in ranking different animals but also in the essence of characteristics used for evaluation of animals' intelligence. The indicator that estimates the resemblance of children's ranking of animals' intelligence with the averaged adults' ranking does not correlate significantly with the results of solving tasks on mind theory performed by the preschoolers.

Keywords: theory of mind, psychological intelligence, children's representations of animals' intelligence, anthropomorphic hypothesis.

Column: The Problem Of Development

For Reference

  1. Blonskii P. P. Psihologiya mladshego shkol'nika: Izbrannye psihologicheskie trudy // Pod red. A. I. Lipkinoi, T. D. Marcinkovskoi. M.; Voronezh, 2006.
  2. Vygotskii L. S. Myshlenie i rech'. Psihologicheskie issledo­vaniya // Pod red. i so vstup. stat'ei V. Kolbanovskogo. M.; L.: 1934.
  3. Dubyaga E., Mesheryakov B. G. Implicitnaya teoriya razuma: kratkii obzor (stat'ya) // Psihologicheskii zhurnal Universiteta «Dubna». 2010. № 1. //
  4. Meshcheryakov B. G. Psihometricheskii podhod k detskomu animizmu // Kul'turno-istoricheskaya psihologiya. 2005. № 1.
  5. Sergienko E. A., Lebedeva E. I., Prusakova O. A. Model' psihicheskogo v ontogeneze cheloveka. M., 2009.
  6. Bempechat J., London P., Dweck C. S. Children's concep­tions of ability in major domains: An interview and experi­mental study // Child Study Journal. 1991. № 21 (1).
  7. Carey S. Conceptual change in childhood. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1985.
  8. Gopnik A., Meltzoff A. N. Words, thoughts and theories. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1997.
  9. Gopnik A., Wellman H. M. The theory theory // L. A. Hirschfeld & S. A. Gelman (Eds.) Mapping the mind: Domain specificity in cognition and culture. N. Y., 1994.
  10. Kinlaw C. R., Kurtz-Costes B. The development of children's beliefs about intelligence // Developmental Review. 2003. V. 23.
  11. Ruble D. N., Dweck C. S. Self-conceptions, person con­ceptions, and their development // N. Eisenberg (Ed.) Review of personality and social psychology: Vol. 15. Social Development. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 1995.
  12. Wellman H. M. Understanding the psychological world: Developing a theory of mind // U. Goswami (Ed.) Handbook of childhood cognitive development. Oxford, England: Blackwell, 2002.
  13. Yuill N. Children's conceptions of personality traits. Human Development. 1992. V. 35.
  14. Yuill N. English children as personality theorists: Accounts of the modifiability, development, and origin of traits. Genetic, Social and General Psychology Monographs. 1997. V. 123.

© 2007–2021 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License Open Access Repository     Webometrics Ranking of Repositories

RSS Psyjournals at facebook Psyjournals at Twitter Psyjournals at Youtube ??????.???????