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Cultural-Historical Psychology

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1816-5435

ISSN (online): 2224-8935

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/chp

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2005

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

Affiliated ISCAR

 

The Person and the Time: Choosing Coping Behaviours 1923

Bolotova A.K.
PhD in Psychology, Professor, Head of the General and Experimental Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, National Research University Higher school of Economics (HSE), Moscow, Russia
e-mail: bolotova@hse.ru

Khachaturova M.R.
PhD in Psychology, associate professor, department of general and experimental psychology, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia
e-mail: mhachaturova@hse.ru

Abstract
The article focuses upon the relation between one's time perspective and his/her choice of strategies of coping behaviour in situations of interpersonal conflict. As it is discussed in the article, the choice of coping strategy type — cognitive, emotional or behavioural — depends on the orientation of one's time perspective. The techniques used in this research included the one by P. Zimbardo on time orientation, and E. Heim's technique defining coping strategies. The study enrolled 317 persons, 167 female and 150 male subjects, with the average age of 33 years. The results obtained in the study show that persons with future orientation tend to choose cognitive and behavioural coping strategies in situations of interpersonal conflicts. At the same time, persons oriented towards the fatalistic present choose non adaptivebehavioural strategies, such as withdrawal and avoidance of conflict resolution, resulting in the lack of stable coping strategies.

Keywords: time, time perspective, coping strategies, interpersonal conflict

Column: Empirical Research

For Reference

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