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Cultural-Historical Psychology

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1816-5435

ISSN (online): 2224-8935

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/chp

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2005

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

Affiliated ISCAR

 

Psychological Concepts of Positive Alternatives to Human Estrangement 1641

Lukash O.S.
PhD student at the Department of General and Experimental Psychology, National Research University Higher School of Economics

Abstract
The paper addresses various interpretations of estrangement as a negative state of mind, preservation of which in an individual represents his/her refusal of personal growth. The paper distinguishes between two meanings of estrangement (first, one's estrangement from the real 'self'; second, one's feelings of estrangement) and outlines their possible relations. However, the analysis is focused primarily on the alternatives to estrange- ment, that is, on positive states of mind, ways of escaping estrangement and entering these alternatives. The objects of this analysis are the classics of philosophy: the works of antique philosophers, Karl Marx, Martin Heidegger, Soren Kierkegaard, Nikolai Bakhtin; and the classics of personality psychology: the works of Karen Horney, Erich Fromm, Karl Jung, as well as of existential psychologists, such as Erik Eriksson, Frederick Pearls, Carl Rogers, Salvatore Maddi, Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi. The comparison of these theories reveals the most characteristic ways of reviewing the positive alternatives to estrangement. The main patterns leading to these positive states are divided into groups, which, in turn, constitute the grounds for a layered structure of positive alternatives formation.

Keywords: estrangement, estrangement from real 'self', real 'self', feelings of estrangement, personality psy-chology

Column: Discussions And Discourses

For Reference

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