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Cultural-Historical Psychology

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1816-5435

ISSN (online): 2224-8935


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2005

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

Affiliated ISCAR


Russians, Mokshans and Erzyans: Analysing Projections of National Characters 1986


Meshcheryakov B.G.
Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social and Human Sciences, Senior Researcher, Dubna State University, Dubna, Russian Federation, Dubna, Russia

Shamanina E.A.
PhD student at the Chair of Psychology, Dubna International University of Nature, Society and Man

Allik J.
PhD in Psychology, Professor, Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia

This research covered three ethnic groups (Russians, Mokshans and Erzyans) and all participants (140 per- sons) were students of the same Mordvinian university. Their task was to evaluate personality traits of the fol- lowing 'evaluation objects' using the National Character Survey: 1) Russian in general; 2) Russian living in Mordovia (regional Russian); 3) Mordva; 4) Erzya; 5) Moksha; 6) oneself. Although there seemed to be no sig- nificant characterological differences between the three ethnic groups of respondents, there certainly were con- siderable differences in their auto- and, most importantly, heterostereotypes. The paper reflects on how posi- tively perceived values in self-descriptions (low Neuroticism, high Openness for Experience, Agreeableness etc.) transform into less positive ones in auto- and heterostereotypes. As it is concluded, ethnocultural close- ness and acquaintanceship between the nations do not guarantee a better understanding of each other's nation- al characters.

Keywords: ethnic stereotypes, National Character Survey, Big Five, Mordva, Moksha, Erzya, Russian

Column: Crosscultural and Ethnopsychological Researches

For Reference

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