Previous issue (2019. Vol. 15, no. 3)
Included in Web of Science СС (ESCI)
Social Situation of Development: Structural and Content Analysis of the Concept in the Context of Professional Self-Determination 2072
, PhD in Psychology, Yoshkar-Ola, Russia, Irinast62@gmail.com
The paper aims to reveal the perspectives of applying methodological ideas comprised in the concept of social situation of development for the purposes of exploring the issue of professional self-determination. Drawing on the analysis of the concept's structure and content carried out by Russian psychologists, as well as on the out- comes of his own investigations into the problem of professional self-determination, the author defines the struc- ture of the social situation of development within the context of professional self-determination of an individual as a combination of objective (i.e. social context) and subjective (i.e. one's psychological readiness to profes- sional self-determination) components. The author argues for the necessity of individualization and subjec- tivization of the social situation of development and therefore suggests that the features of professional self- determination be studied in specific social situations of development, that is, in orphaned children, adolescents with deviant behavior, and gifted children. This would promote the development of such effective psychologi- cal techniques of assisting individuals in their professional self-determination which would take into account the age- and personality-related characteristics of the person's social situation of development.
Keywords: social situation of development, specific social situation of development, structure of social sit- uation of development, professional self-determination
Column: Developmental Psychology
- Aron I.S. Formirovanie psikhologicheskoi gotovnosti k
professional'nomu samoopredeleniiu v detskom vozraste: Mo- nografiia.
[Formation of psychological readiness to profession- al self-determination in
childhood: Monograph]. Ioshkar-Ola: Mariiskii institut obrazovaniia, 2010. 356
- Bozhovich L.I. Problemy formirovaniia lichnosti: Izbran- nye Trudy
[Problems of identity formation: Selected Works]. Pod red. D.I.Fel'dshteina. —
Moscow: MPSI, Voronezh: NPO "MODEK", 2001. 352 p.
- Vygotskii L.S. Sobranie sochinenii: V 6-ti t. T. 4. [Works: In 6
v. T. 4.] Moscow: Pedagogika, 1984. 432 p.
- Nikolaeva V.V. Vliianie khronicheskoi bolezni na psikhiku. [Impact
of chronic disease on the psyche]. Moscow: Publ. Moskovskogo universiteta,
1987. 168 p.
- Nikolaeva I.A. Sub"ektivnyi obraz sotsial'nogo mira kak
reprezentatsiia sotsial'noi situatsii razvitiia lichnosti (na primere
podrostkovogo vozrasta): Avtoref. dis. kand. psikhol. nauk. [Subjective social
world as a representation of the social situation of development of personality
(for example, adolescence)] Kurgan: Publ. Kurganskogo gosudarstvennogo uni-
versiteta, 2004. 20 p.
- Karabanova O.A. Sotsial'naia situatsiia razvitiia reben- ka:
struktura, dinamika, printsipy korrektsii: Dis. d-ra psikhol. nauk. [The social
situation of child development: structure, dynamics, principles of correction:
Dis. Dr. psychol. Sciences.] Moscow: Moskovskii gosudarstvennyi universitet im.
M.V. Lomonosova, 2002. 379 p.
- Meshcheriakov B.G. Vzgliady L.S. Vygotskogo na nauku o detskom
razvitii [Vygotsky's views on the science of child development].
Kul'turno-istoricheskaia psikhologiia. [Cul- tural-Historical Psychology].
2008. № 3. P. 103—112.
- Slobodchikov V.I. Stanovlenie i razvitie sub"ektivnoi real'nosti v
ontogeneze (psikhologicheskie osnovy proek- tirovaniia obrazovaniia): avtoref.
dis. d-ra psikhol. nauk. [Formation and development of subjective reality in
ontogen- esis (psychological principles of design education): Author. dis.d Mr.
psychol. Sciences]. Moscow, 1994. 78 p.
- Fel'dshtein D.I. Psikhologiia razvitiia lichnosti v onto- geneze.
[Psychology of personality development in ontogeny]. Moscow: Pedagogika, 1989.