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Cultural-Historical Psychology

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1816-5435

ISSN (online): 2224-8935

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/chp

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published since 2005

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

Affiliated ISCAR

 

Psychological Syndromes: Approaches to the Design of Content Diagnostics of Development 5691

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Venger A.L.
Doctor of Psychology, professor, Department of Psychology, “Dubna” International University for Nature, Society and Man, Dubna State University, Moscow, Russia
e-mail: alvenger@gmail.com

Abstract
The paper describes several psychological syndromes (that is, unfavorable types of mental development) that were explored basing on the assumptions made by Lev Vygotsky and Daniil Elkonin. It analyzes the pos- sible causes of such syndromes, factors underlying their stability, prognostic estimates and therapeutic guide- lines. Taking three syndromes — 'authoritarian self-assertion', 'emotional estrangement' and 'intellectualism' — as an example, the paper demonstrates the general principle of the syndrome analysis: the disclosure of the 'vicious circle' securing the stability of the syndrome. Therapeutic work is thus focused mainly on destroying such 'circles'. The syndromes themselves were revealed using the clinical method basing on parental reports, anamnestic data collected in the course of psychological counseling, outcomes of psychological testing, and catamnesis.

Keywords: psychological diagnostics, psychological syndrome, interpersonal situation of development, positive feedback, prognosis of mental development, clinical method

Column: On the 110th Anniversary of D.B. Elkonin's Birth

For Reference

References
  1. Venger A.L. Psihologicheskaja gotovnost' detej k obu- cheniju v shkole [Psychological readiness of children for school] Razvitie myshlenija i umstvennoe vospitanie doshkol'nika / Pod red. N.N. Podd'jakova, A.F. Govorkovoj. Moscow, 1985. P. 165—190.
  2. Venger A.L. Struktura psihologicheskogo sindroma [The structure of psychological syndrome]. Voprosy psihologii [Questions of psychology], 1994. № 4. P. 82—92.
  3. Venger A.L., Morozova E.I. Klinicheskaja psihologija razvitija: sostojanie i perspektivy [Clinical psychology Deve- lopment: Status and Prospects] Voprosy psihologii [Questions of psychology]. 2007. № 5. P. 3—12.
  4. Vygotskij L.S. Diagnostika razvitija i pedologicheskaja klinika trudnogo detstva [Diagnostics development and pedological clinic difficult childhood]. Sobr. soch.: V 6-ti t. T. 5. Moscow, 1983. P. 257—321.
  5. Vygotskij L.S. Problema vozrasta [Diagnostics develop- ment and pedological clinic difficult childhood]. Sobr. soch.: V 6-ti t. T. 4. Moscow, 1984. P. 243—268.
  6. Jel'konin D.B. Vozrastnye i individual'nye osobennosti mladshih podrostkov. Zakljuchenie [Age and individual char- acteristics of younger teenagers. Conclusion]. Izbrannye psi- hologicheskie trudy. Moscow, 1989. P. 275—280.
  7. Jel'konin D.B. Vyderzhki iz nauchnyh dnevnikov (1965—1983)  [Excerpts  from  scientific  journals  (1965—1983)]  Izbrannye  psihologicheskie  trudy.  Moscow,  1989. P. 480—519.
  8. Jel'konin D.B. Nekotorye voprosy diagnostiki psihich- eskogo razvitija detej [Some problems in the diagnosis of men- tal development of children]. Izbrannye psihologicheskie trudy. Moscow, 1989. P. 301—305.
 
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