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Cultural-Historical Psychology

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1816-5435

ISSN (online): 2224-8935


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2005

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

Affiliated ISCAR


Anthropology and Education: Issues and Origins of Multicultural Education Model 1361


Belik A.A.
Doctor of History, leading researcher of the Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology of the Russian Academy of Science, Moscow, Russia

This paper presents a historical investigation into the context and circumstances contributing to the emergence of multicultural education model in the USA. The author reconstructs the historical context and theo¬retical background of this educational practice providing a detailed consideration of the problem of ethnic (cul¬tural) identity which, in the author's opinion, is the key issue of the multicultural approach to education. The fundamental meaning of the ethnic identity analysis is closely related to the multicultural society model or ethnic pluralism as opposed to the uniform, universal model also known as 'the melting pot' that was rejected in the USA at the end of 1970s. In the final part of the paper the author concludes that there is a considerable gap between certain European cultural innovations and the genuine principles of multicultural education developed in 1980—1990s.

Keywords: ethnic (cultural) identity, psychocultural approach, definition of multicultural education, cultural diversity

Column: Crosscultural and Ethnopsychological Researches

For Reference

  1. Deklaratsiya v Mekhiko po politike v oblasti kul'tury [Mexico City Declaration on Cultural Policies] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Literaturnyi zhurnal geosimvolistov "Moi bereg" [Literary magazine geosimvolistov "My Beach"]. Available at: http:/moy­­dialog-kultur-4.html (Accessed 12.12 2013).
  2.  Dzhurinskii A.N. Kontseptsii i realii mul'tikul'turnogo vospitaniya [Concepts and realities of multicultural education]. Moscow: Academia, 2008. 304 p.
  3.  Kontseptsiya razvitiya polikul'turnogo obrazovaniya v Rossiiskoi Federatsii. [Elektronnyi resurs] [The concept of development of multicultural education in the Russian Federation]. Vestnik MGOU [Gerald of MGOU]. Available at: (Accessed 11.12 2013).
  4.  Makarenko I.A. Yazykovoe polikul'turnoe obrazovanie kak faktor formirovaniya tolerantnogo soznaniya lichnosti [Elektronnyi resurs] [Linguistic multicultural education as a factor of tolerance personality]. Available at: http://www. (Accessed 5.12 2013).
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  6. De Vos G., Romanucci-Ross L. Ethnicity: Vessel of mean­ing and emblem of contrast. Ethnic identity. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1982, pp. 363—390.
  7. De Vos G. Ethnic pluralism : Conflict and accommoda­tion. Ethnic identity. Chicago, The University of Chicago Press, 1982, pp. 5—41.
  8. De Vos G., Romanucci-Ross L. Introduction. Ethnic iden­tity. Chicago, The University of Chicago Press, 1982, pp. I— XXVII.
  9. Glazer N., Moynihan D. Ethnicity: Theory and experi­ence. Cambridge (Mass). Cambridge University Press, 1975. 215 p.
  10. Harrington Ch.C. Psychological Anthropology and Education. N.Y.: AMS Press, 1979. 232 p.

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