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Cultural-Historical Psychology

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1816-5435

ISSN (online): 2224-8935


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2005

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

Affiliated ISCAR


Dynamics of Learning Motivation in Early School Age Children 7540

Arkhireeva T.V., PhD in Psychology, Associate professor at the Psychology chair, Yaroslav Mudry Novgorod State University, Veliky Novgorod, Russia,
The paper presents outcomes of a longitudinal study on learning motivation in children of early school age. The aim was to reveal the leading motives in first, second, third and fourth grades and to explore the dynamics of some learning motives in children over the whole period of elementary school. As it was found, the learning activity in the children was mostly motivated by social motives, among which the leading ones were the motives of self-determination and well-being. As for learning motives, over the course of all four years the children were for the most part motivated by the content of the learning activity, and not by its process. The dynamics of certain social motives of the learning activity varied across the sample, with some going through the periods of increase and decrease and others having a one-way dynamics. The study also revealed a decrease in the motivation rooted in the learning activity itself between the second and third year; at the same time, in the second, third and fourth years the children were more motivated by the content of the learning activity than by its process.

Keywords: motivation, learning activity, dynamics, early school age

Column: Empirical Research


For Reference

  1. Arkhireeva T.V. Diagnostika uchebnoi motivatsii detei mladshego shkol'nogo vozrasta [Diagnosis of educational motivation of children of primary school age.]. Psikhologiya obucheniya [Psychology of learning], 2010, no. 2, pp. 92—103.
  2. Bozhovich L.I. Problema razvitiya motivatsionnoi sfery rebenka [The problem of development of the motivational sphere of the child]. Feldshtein D.I. (ed.) Izbrannye psikho­logicheskie trudy. Problemy formirovaniya lichnosti: [Selected psychological works. Problems of personality formation]: Moscow, 1995, pp. 20—55.
  3. Bozhovich L.I. Lichnost' i ee formirovanie v detskom vozraste [Personality and its development in childhood.]. Saint-Petersburg: Piter, 2008. 400 p.
  4. Gutkina N.I., Pechenkov V.V. Dinamika uchebnoi moti­vatsii ot vtorogo k tret'emu klassu [The dynamics of educa­tional motivation from the second to the third class]. Vestnik prakticheskoi psikhologii obrazovaniya. [Bulletin of the practical psychology of education], 2006, no. 4 (9), pp. 46—50.
  5. Kulagina I.Yu., Gani S.V. Razvitie motivatsii v mlad­shem shkol'nom vozraste [The development of motivation in primary school age]. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie [The psychological science and education], 2011, no. 2, pp.102—109.
  6. Matyukhina M.V. Motivatsiya ucheniya mladshikh shkol'nikov. [Motivation teaching younger students]. Mos­cow: Pedagogika, 1984. 144p.
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