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Cultural-Historical Psychology

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1816-5435

ISSN (online): 2224-8935

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/chp

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2005

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Analysis of Gnostic Actions Using Eye Tracking as a Method of Studying Insight in Problem Solving 1499

Vladimirov I.Yu.
PhD in Psychology, associate professor, Department of General Psychology, P.G. Demidov Yaroslavl State University, Yaroslavl, Russia
e-mail: kein17@mail.ru

Chistopolskaya A.V.
PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of General Psychology, P.G. Demidov Yaroslavl State University, Yaroslavl, Russia
e-mail: chistosasha@mail.ru

Abstract
TThe paper focuses on the issue of research methods in studying insight. Since the process of insight is quite difficult to verbalize, researchers are presented with the methodological challenge of its objectifica- tion. One of the possible methods is the analysis of gnostic actions as components of a single integrated system of perceptive and thinking activity aimed at problem solving. The paper analyzes past and present periods in the explorations of insight with this method and suggests that eye tracking in problem solving is the most perspective technology. It reviews the studies of G. Knoblich, J. Ellis, E, Grant and M. Spivey, L. Thomas and A. Lleras, D. Kahneman, J.T. Wang and others. The paper compares various characteristics of eye movements and their content and discusses perspectives for the study on insight using the method of eye movement tracking, that is, testing the theoretical assumptions concerning the mechanisms of insight in problem solving and revealing the processes underlying insight.

Keywords: insight, dynamics of problem solving, gnostic actions, eye tracking

Column: Empirical Research

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/chp.2016120103

For Reference

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