Russian Psychological Issues
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice For AuthorsAbout PsyJournals.ruContact Us

  Previous issue (2020. Vol. 16, no. 2)

Included in Web of Science СС (ESCI)

Included in Scopus


Cultural-Historical Psychology

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1816-5435

ISSN (online): 2224-8935


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2005

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

Affiliated ISCAR


Self-Control as a Personality Resource: Assessment and Associations with Performance, Persistence and Well-Being 5215

Gordeeva T.O.
Doctor of Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of Educational Psychology, Psychological Faculty, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

Osin E.N.
PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia

Suchkov D.D.
Junior research fellow, International Laboratory of Positive Psychology of Personality and Motivation, National Research University Higher School of Economics

Ivanova T.Y.
Research fellow, International Laboratory of Positive Psychology of Personality and Motivation, National Research University Higher School of Economics

Sychev O.A.
PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Research Fellow, Department of Research Activities, Shukshin Altai State Humanities Pedagogical University, Biysk, Russia

Bobrov V.V.
Junior research fellow, International Laboratory of Positive Psychology of Personality, Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia

Self-control is one’s ability to control one’s own behavior and emotional expression, to react to external events in a deliberate manner, and to interrupt actions motivated by undesirable impulses or affects. We present two studies aimed to validate a Russian-language version of the 13-item Brief Self-Control Scale by J.P. Tangney, R.F. Baumeister and A.L. Boone in samples of employees (N=591) and students (N=328). Confirmatory factor analysis supported a one-dimensional structure. The scale shows high internal consistency (alpha 0,79-0,84) and predictable associations with self-report and objective indicators of current and future academic and work performance. Self-control is positively associated with positive functioning (i.e., intrinsic motivation, goal-setting, persistence, conscientiousness, hardiness, productive coping strategies, optimistic attributional style, self-efficacy), emotional stability, and subjective well-being. These associations hold when social desirability is controlled. The results suggest that self-control is an important personality and motivational resource which results in higher performance and psychological well-being.

Keywords: self-control, self-regulation, personality resources, persistence, goal-setting, subjective well- being, academic success

Column: Empirical Research


For Reference

  1. Gordeeva T.O., Osin E.N. Osobennosti motivatsii dostizheniya i uchebnoi motivatsii studentov, demonstriruy- ushchikh raznye tipy akademicheskikh dostizhenii (EGE, pobedy v olimpiadakh, akademicheskaya uspevaemost’) [Ele- ktronnyi resurs] [Particularities of achievement motivation of students demonstrating different types of academic achieve- ments (USE, win in competitions, GPA)]. Psikhologicheskie issledovaniya  [Psychological  Studies],  2012.  Vol.  5,  no.  24, p. 4. URL: (Accessed 25.12.2015). doi: 0421200116/0040.
  2. Gordeeva T.O., Osin E.N., Shevyakhova V.Yu. Diag- nostika optimizma kak stilya ob”yasneniya uspekhov i neu- dach: Oprosnik STOUN [Diagnostics of optimism as attribu- tional style in positive and negative situations]. Moscow: Publ. Smysl, 2009. 152 p.
  3. Gordeeva T.O., Sychev O.A., Osin E.N. Razrabotka russkoyazychnoi versii Testa dispozitsionnogo optimizma (LOT) [Elaboration of Russian version of Life Orientation Test]. Psikhologicheskaya diagnostika [Psychological diagnos- tics], 2010, no. 2, pp. 36—64.
  4. Leont’ev D.A. Test smyslozhiznennykh orientatsii (SZhO) [The test “Purpose in life”]. Moscow: Publ. Smysl, 1992. 16 p.
  5. Mandrikova E.Yu. Razrabotka oprosnika samoorga- nizatsii deyatel’nosti (OSD) [Elaboration of activity’s self- organization questionnaire]. Psikhologicheskaya diagnostika [Psychological diagnostics], 2010, no. 2, pp. 87—111.
  6. Osin E.N., Rasskazova E.I., Neyaskina Yu.Yu., Dorf- man L.Ya., Aleksandrova L.A. Operatsionalizatsiya pyatifak- tornoi modeli lichnostnykh chert na rossiiskoi vyborke [Op- erationalization of Big Five model of personality in Russian sample]. Psikhologicheskaya diagnostika [Psychological diag- nostics], 2015, no. 3, pp. 80—104.
  7. Osin E.N., Ivanova T.Yu., Gordeeva T.O. Avtonom- naya i kontroliruemaya professional’naya motivatsiya kak prediktory sub”ektivnogo blagopoluchiya u sotrudnikov ros- siiskikh organizatsii [Autonomous and controlled professional motivation as a predictor of subjunctive well-being in employ- ees of Russian organizations]. Organizatsionnaya psikhologiya [Organizational psychology], 2013. Vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 8—29.
  8. Osin E.N. Izmerenie pozitivnykh i negativnykh emotsii: razrabotka russkoyazychnogo analoga metodiki PANAS [The measure of positive and negative affects: elaboration of Rus- sian version of PANAS]. Psikhologiya. Zhurnal Vysshei shkoly ekonomiki [Psychology. Journal of Higher School of Economics], 2012. Vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 91—110.
  9. Osin E.N., Leont’ev D.A. Aprobatsiya russkoyazych- nykh versii dvukh shkal ekspress-otsenki sub”ektivnogo blago- poluchiya [Approbation of Russian versions of two subjunctive well-being scales]. Materialy III Vserossiiskogo sotsiologichesk- ogo kongressa [Proceedings of the Third all Russia Congress of Sociology]. Moscow: Publ. Institut sotsiologii RAN, Rossiiskoe obshchestvo sotsiologov, 2008.
  10. Osin E.N., Rasskazova E.I. Kratkaya versiya testa zhiznestoikosti: psikhometricheskie kharakteristiki i primen- enie v organizatsionnom kontekste [Short version of the test of hardiness: psychometric properties and application in organi- zational context]. Vestnik MGU. Seriya 14: Psikhologiya [Mos- cow University Psychology Bulletin], 2013, no. 2, pp. 147—165.
  11. Rasskazova E.I., Gordeeva T.O., Osin E.N. Koping- strategii v strukture deyatel’nosti i samoregulyatsii: psik- hometricheskie kharakteristiki i vozmozhnosti primeneniya metodiki COPE [Coping in the structure of activity and self- regulation: psychometric properties and application of COPE questionnaire]. Psikhologiya. Zhurnal Vysshei shkoly ekonomiki [Psychology. Journal of Higher School of Economics], 2013. Vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 82—118.
  12. Shvartser R., Erusalem M., Romek V. Russkaya versiya shkaly obshchei samoeffektivnosti R. Shvartsera i M. Erusa- lema [Russian version of the General Self-Efficacy Scale by Schwarzer and Jerusalem]. Inostrannaya psikhologiya [Foreign Psychology], 1996, no. 7, pp. 71—76.
  13. Moffitt T.E., Arseneault L., Belsky D., Dickson N., Han- cox R.J., Harrington H., Sears M.R. A gradient of childhood self-control predicts health, wealth, and public safety. Proceed- ings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2011. Vol. 108(7), pp. 2693—2698. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1010076108
  14. Brown T.A. Confirmatory factor analysis for applied research. 2nd ed. N.Y.: Guilford Press, 2015. 462 p.
  15. Achtziger A., Hubert M., Kenning P., Raab G., Reisch L. Debt Out of Control: The Links Between Self-Control, Compulsive Buying, and Real Debts. Journal of Economic Psychology, 2015. Vol. 49, no. 6, pp. 141—149. doi:10.1016/j. joep.2015.04.003.
  16. Goldberg D.P. Manual of the General Health Ques- tionnaire. Windsor, England: NFER Publishing; 1978.
  17. Mischel W., Shoda Y., Peake P.K. The nature of ado- lescent competencies predicted by preschool delay of grati- fication. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1988. Vol. 54, pp. 687—696. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.54.4.687
  18. Chen F.F., Hayes A., Carver C.S., Laurenceau J.P., Zhang Z. Modeling general and specific variance in multifac- eted constructs: A comparison of the bifactor model to other approaches. Journal of Personality, 2012. Vol. 80(1), pp. 219— 251. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.2011.00739.x.
  19. Rothbaum F., Weisz J.R., Snyder S.S. Changing the world and changing the self: A two-process model of perceived control. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1982. Vol. 42(1), pp. 5—37. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.42.1.5.
  20. Tangney J.P., Baumeister R.F., Boone A.L. High Self-Control Predicts Good Adjustment, Less Pathology, Better Grades, and Interpersonal Success. Journal of Person- ality, 2004. Vol. 72(2), pp. 271—324. doi: 10.1111/j.0022- 3506.2004.00263.x.
  21. Wolfe R.N., Johnson S.D. Personality as a pre- dictor of college performance. Educational and Psycho- logical Measurement, 1995. Vol. 55(2), pp. 177—185. doi: 10.1177/0013164495055002002.

© 2007–2020 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License Open Access Repository     Webometrics Ranking of Repositories

RSS Psyjournals at facebook Psyjournals at Twitter Psyjournals at Youtube ??????.???????