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Cultural-Historical Psychology

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1816-5435

ISSN (online): 2224-8935


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2005

Published quarterly

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Open Access Journal

Affiliated ISCAR


«God as a Causal Agent»: Religious Attribution in Orthodox Context 891

Malevich T.V.
Saint Tikhon’s Orthodox University, Research Fellow, The Center for the Psychological Research on Religion, Saint Tikhon’s Orthodox University, Moscow, Russia

Kolkunova K.A.
Saint Tikhon’s Orthodox University, Assistant professor, Department of Religious Studies, Saint Tikhon’s Orthodox University, Moscow, Russia

Kozhevnikov D.D.
Saint Tikhon’s Orthodox University, Research Fellow, The Center for the Psychological Research on Religion, Saint Tikhon’s Orthodox University, Moscow, Russia

The paper summarises the process of adaptation of the God as a Causal Agent Scale (GCA) carried out on a sample of students of orthodox educational institutions. This scale aims to measure religious attribution in an individual, that is, is/her inclination to attribute the causes of events to divine agents. The data obtained in the study proved that all items of the GCA Scale have acceptable internal consistency. The first stage of validisation involved analysing the correlations with the rates of the Subjective Control Scale (SCS). Weak positive correlations were found with the rates of internality in all scales of the SCS except for the Interpersonal Relationships scale. The second stage invovled a quasiexperimental study that revealed positive correlations between the GCA and supernatural attribution. Moreover, the outcomes of factor analysis of variance showed significant differences between the subjects with high and low rates in GCA in their likeliness to use supernatural explanations. All these findings suggest that the GCA Scale is an effective tool for measuring one’s inclination to religious attribution within the Russian orthodox context.

Keywords: psychology of religion, attribution theory, causal agents, causal schemes, casuality, God as a Causal Agent Scale

Column: Empirical Research


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