Russian Psychological Issues
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice For AuthorsAbout PsyJournals.ruContact Us

  Previous issue (2019. Vol. 15, no. 4)

Included in Web of Science СС (ESCI)

Included in Scopus


Cultural-Historical Psychology

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1816-5435

ISSN (online): 2224-8935


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2005

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

Affiliated ISCAR


The Problem of Orientation and Navigation of Personality in Anthropology: Methodological Framework 411

Smirnov S.A.
Doctor of Philosophy, Head of the Laboratory of Strategic and Foresight Investigations and Developments, Novosibirsk State University of Economics and Management, Russia

The paper introduces the concept of orientation and navigation of personality as a cultural practice. It draws a distinction between orientation and navigation. Orientation can be seen as a practice of checking with signs and landmarks existing in the space of culture, while navigation is understood as a practice of designing personal routes which one uses in order to find his/her place in the world. The paper explores the transition from orientation in traditional cultures in which the orientation practice was based on the con cept of the World Tree as the universal reference point, to modern societies in which the basic landmarks and foundations ceased to be generally accepted. Ideas and concepts of orientation in human philosophy and psychology are reviewed using the concepts of P.Ya. Gallperin and B.D. El’konin. It is revealed that an individual, navigating not only through the natural space-time, but also through the semantic symbolic field, forms those necessary scaffoldings that become parts of the architectonics of his/her personality.

Keywords: orientation, orienting activity, anthropological navigation, philosophy of man, landmark, scaffolding, horizon, field, semantic field, psychological field

Column: Discussions And Discourses


For Reference

  1. Vygotskii L.S. Igra i ee rol’ v psikhicheskom razvitii rebenka [Game an it’s role in psychological development of Child]. Voprosy psikhologii [Questions of Psychology], 1966, no. 6, pp. 62—76. (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  2. Gal’perin P.Ya. Psikhologiya kak ob”ektivnaya nauka [Psychology as objective science]. Moscow: Publ. Mosk. Psikh.-sots. instituta; Voronezh: Publ. NPO «MODEK», 2003. 480 p.
  3. Gal’perin P.Ya. Vvedenie v psikhologiyu [Introduction to psychology]. Moscow: Publ. KDU, 2015. 332 p.
  4. Zavershneva E.Yu. Predstavleniya o smyslovom pole v teorii dinamicheskikh smyslovykh sistem L.S. Vygotskogo [Conceptions about sense field in the theory of dynamical semantical systems of Vygotsky]. Voprosy psikhologii [Questions of Psychology], 2015, no. 4, pp. 119—135. (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  5. Zapisnye knizhki L.S. Vygotskogo. Izbrannoe [Vygotsky’s notebooks. Selected]. In Zavershneva and R. Van der Veer (eds.). Moscow: Publ. «Kanon+» ROOI «Reabilitatsiya», 2017. 608 p.
  6. Kant I. Sochineniya: v 8 t. T. 8. Chto znachit orientirovat’sya v myshlenii? [Works: in 8. Vol. 8. What does it mean to be guided in thinking?]. In Gulyga (ed.). Moscow: Publ. Choro, 1994, pp. 86—105.
  7. Levin K. Dinamicheskaya psikhologiya. Izbr. tr. [Dynamic Psyhology. Selected Works]. Moscow: Publ. Smysl, 2001. 572 p.
  8. Mamardashvili M.K. Psikhologicheskaya topologiya puti [Psychological topology of the Way]. Moscow: Publ. Fond Meraba Mamardashvili, 2014. 1232 p.
  9. Rodoman B.B. Geografiya. Raionirovanie. Kartoidy [Geography. The Zoning. The Carthoids]. Smolensk: Publ. Oikumena, 2007. 372 p.
  10. Samukhin N.V., Birenbaum G.V., Vygotskii L.S. K voprosu o dementsii pri bolezni Pika [On the issue of dementia in Pick’s disease]. Khrestomatiya po patopsikhologii [Reader on pathopsychology]. Moscow: Publ. MGU: 1981, pp. 114—149.
  11. Smirnov S.A. Put’ v strukturakh povsednevnosti [The way in the structures of everyday life]. Chelovek [Chelovek], 2004, no. 6, pp. 23—34. (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  12. Smirnov S.A. Antropologicheskii navigator. K sobytiinoi ontologii cheloveka [Anthropological navigator. To the eventful ontology of man]. Novosibirsk: Publ. Ofset, 2016. 438 p.
  13. Stepanov Yu.S. Konstanty. Slovar’ russkoi kul’tury [Constants. Dictionary of Russian Culture]. Moscow: Publ. Akademicheskii Proekt, 2004. 992 p.
  14. Toporov V.N. Mirovoe derevo. Universal’nye znakovye kompleksy T. 1. [World tree. Universal sign systems. Vol. 1]. Moscow: Publ. Rukopisnye pamyatniki Drevnei Rusi, 2010. 448 p.
  15. Frankl V. Skazat’ zhizni «Da!». Psikholog v kontslagere [To say life “Yes!”. Psychologist in the concentration camp]. Moscow: Publ. Al’pina nonfikshn, 2017. 239 p.
  16. Khaidegger M. Vremya i bytie: Stat’i i vystupleniya [Time and Being: Articles and Speeches]. Moscow: Publ. Respublika, 1993. 447 p.
  17. Shtegmaier V. Osnovnye cherty filosofii orientatsii. Orientatsiya. Zhizn’ kak granitsa myshleniya [The main features of the philosophy of orientation. Orientation. Life as a Boundary of Thinking]. Strategii orientatsii v postsovremennosti [The Strategy of Orientation in Postmodernity]. Publ. Saint- Petersburg University, 1996, pp. 3—35; 54—68.
  18. Eliade M. Svyashchennoe i mirskoe [Sacred and mundane]. Moscow: Publ. MGU, 1994. 144 p.
  19. El’konin B.D. Oposredstvovanie. Deistvie. Razvitie [Mediation. Act. Development]. Izhevsk: Publ. ERGO, 2010. 280 p.
  20. Stegmaier W. Philosophie der Orientierung [The Philosophy of Orientation]. Berlin. New York: Walter de Gruyter. 804 p.
comments powered by Disqus

© 2007–2020 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License

RSS Psyjournals at facebook Psyjournals at Twitter Psyjournals at Youtube ??????.???????