Overcoming the Schism: Following a Dialog with F.Ye. Vasilyuk that Never Occurred 469
Doctor of Psychology, professor, Personality Psychology Chair, ordinary professor, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia
The method of Understanding Psychotherapy developed by Fyodor Ye. Vasilyuk is the flesh of the flesh of its creator who was an individual of the pervasive active empathy. Vasilyuk’s system of views is ‘sensitive’ to other systems; it is empathically attuned to them, and it carefully re-endows them with understanding. Vasilyuk, who described the schism between two– research and practical – psychologies, did not limit himself to the statement. In developing his psychology, he goes beyond the boundaries of his own ‘understanding psychotherapy’ by denoting and visualizing the diverse connections that unite science and practice. But researchers, venturing beyond the limits of a particular psychological theory, are required to seek the most common supports to construct integral models. From this perspective we consider here the category of sensation that possesses a deceptive simplicity, and note the role it plays in order to comprehend the essence of experience, the central concept in Vasilyuk’s theory, as well as in order to solve the problem of integration. While pointing out the existence of impersonal sensations that are not related to the I, we define experience as a sensation that is present in the I. Therefore, experience as an activity is bidirectional: it can ‘introduce’ sensations into the composition of the I, and ‘bring’ them beyond the limits of the I. Different forms of the I are described as ‘dwelling places’ of sensations with the status of experiences.
Vasilyuk F.E. Psikhologiya perezhivaniya (analiz
preodoleniya kriticheskikh situatsii) [Psychology of experiences (an analysis
of overcoming critical situations)]. Moskva: Publ. Moskovskogo universiteta,
1984. 200 p.
Vasilyuk F.E. Ot psikhologicheskoi paktiki k
psikhologicheskoi teorii [From psychological practices to psychological
theory]. Moskovskii psikhoterapevticheskii zhurnal [ Moscow
psychoterapevtical journal], 1992, no. 1, pp. 15—32.
Vasilyuk F.E. Rezhiserskaya postanovka simptoma [A theatre
director’s portrayal of a symptom]. Moskovsk. psikhoterapevt. Zhurn [Moscow
psychoterapevtical journal], 1992, no. 2, pp. 105—144.
Vasilyuk F.E. Metodologicheskii smysl psikhologicheskogo
skhizisa [The methodological meaning of psychological schism]. Voprosy
psikhologii [ Questions of psychology], 1996, no. 6, pp.
Vasilyuk F.E. Metodologicheskii analiz v psikhologii .
Moscow: MGPPU; Smysl, 2003. 240 p.
Vasilyuk F.E., Karyagina T.D. Personality And Experiencing
In The Context Of Experiential Psychotherapy. Konsul’tativnaya psikhologiya
i psikhoterapiya [ Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy], 2017.
Vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 11—32. doi:10.17759/cpp.2017250302. (In Russ., аbstr. in
Vygotskii L.S. Istoricheskii smysl psikhologicheskogo
krizisa. Sobranie sochinenii v shesti tomakh. Voprosy teorii i istorii
psikhologii [he historical meaning of the psychological crisis. Collected works
in six volumes. Questions of the theory and history of psychology]. Luriya A.R.
(eds.). Moscow: Pedagogika, 1982. 488 p.
Maksimova S.V. Tvorcheskaya nerealizovannost’ kak
istochnik shkol’noi dezadaptatsii. Avtoreferat dissertatsii na soiskanie
uch.st. kand. psikhol. nauk [The lack of creative implementation as a source of
maladjustment in school. Ph.D Thesis]. Moscow, 2001. 25 p.
Maksimova S.V. Tvorchestvo: sozidanie ili destruktsiya [A
monograph on creativity as creation or destruction]. Moskva: Akademicheskii
proekt, 2006. 222 p.
Molostova A.N. Psikhotekhnicheskii metod issledovaniya i
optimizatsii myshleniya pri reshenii tvorcheskikh zadach. Diss. … kand.
psikhol. nauk [A psychotechnical method in the research and optimization of
thinking in solving creative problems. Ph.D diss.], 2010. 24 p.
Petrovskii V.A. Psikhologiya neadaptivnoi aktivnosti [The
psychology of non-adaptive activity]. Ros. otkrytyi un-t. Moscow: TOO
«Gorbunok», 1992. 224 p.
Petrovskii V.A. Obshchaya personologiya: nauka lichnosti
[General personology as a personality science]. Izvestiya samarskogo
nauchnogo tsentra Rossiiskoi akademii nauk. Spetsial’nyi vypusk «Aktual’nye
problemy psikhologii. Samarskii region» [Proceedings of the Samara
Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences. A special issue
“Actual problems of psychology”], 2003, pp. 20—30.
Petrowskiy V.A. Self: The Configuration of Artifact (Part
One). Kul’turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya [ Cultural- Historical
Psychology], 2014. Vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 63—78. (In Russ., аbstr. in
Sharaga Ya.V. Aktivnost’ samopoznaniya pri reshenii
intellektual’nykh zadach starshimi shkol’nikami [The activity of self-knowledge
in solving intellectual problems by high school students]. Voprosy
psikhologii [Questions of psychology], 1988, no. 4, pp. 79—82.