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Cultural-Historical Psychology

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1816-5435

ISSN (online): 2224-8935


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published since 2005

Published quarterly

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The Development of Consciousness in Children Through the Lens of L.I. Bozhovich’s Psychological System 461


Akopov G.V.
Doctor of Psychology, Head of Department of General and Social Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Special Education of Samara State University of Social Sciences and Education, Samara State University of Social Sciences and Education, Russia

The paper focuses on the importance of L.I. Bozhovich's ideas in the context of new research programmes on consciousness. It reveals the basic characteristics of the psychological system (L. S. Vygotsky) underlying L.I. Bozhovich's research on the problem of personality formation in childhood (the motivational sphere as a core factor, the structure of motives, the hierarchy of motives, etc.) The formation and dynamics of consciousness in L.I. Bozhovich’s system is realized both in the processes of external determination and in self-determination of personality (novelty-seeking, internal position). The psychological systems of Vygotsky and Bozhovich are considered as complementary in their views on such components of consciousness as intellect (communication, understanding, synthesis) and affect (the need for new experiences, mediated motives, inner position). Modern technological progress promotes the next cultural-historical inversion of the ‘affect/intellect’ dilemma determined by the increasing digitalization processess (artificial intelligence) and social communication.

Keywords: psychological system, L.I. Bozhovich, affect, needs, motives, social situation, child development, personality, consciousness

Column: Remembering L.I. Bozhovich


Acknowledgements. The author is grateful to M.V. Yermolayeva and D.V. Lubovsky for their invaluable assistance in realisation of the topic and great support of creative efforts; also, to L.S. Akopyan and A.V. Belous for their tireless working out of problem solving situations.

For Reference

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