Russian Psychological Issues
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice For AuthorsAbout PsyJournals.ruContact Us

  Previous issue (2019. Vol. 15, no. 3)

Included in Web of Science СС (ESCI)

Included in Scopus


Cultural-Historical Psychology

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1816-5435

ISSN (online): 2224-8935


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2005

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

Affiliated ISCAR


Recognition of Other Person’s Cognitive Errors and Its Impairment in Schizophrenia 733

Zotov M.V., Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Department of Medical Psychology and Psychophysiology, Faculty of Psychology, Saint-Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia,
Guseva M.S., Medical Psychologist, Psychiatric State Hospital of St. Nicholas, St.Petersburg, Russia,
Zotova N.E., PhD in Psychology, Assistant Lecture, Department of Medical Psychology and Psychophysiology, Faculty of Psychology, Saint-Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia,
The term “cognitive errors” refers to the errors in the perception and analysis of information about the environment. In our study healthy people and patients with schizophrenia were presented with a “silent” video clip in which the main character makes a cognitive error in perceiving some situation. After watching the video clip the subjects explained the character’s behavior and described his or her cognitive error. We analyzed the differences in eye movements in the subjects who recognized and failed to recognize the character’s cognitive error. We identified three factors that support the recognition of other person’s cognitive errors: (1) co-operative orientation of cognitive activity; (2) specific cognitive activity of the observer; (3) the observer’s ability to compare his/her own cognitive activity with that of the observed person. We show that in subjects with schizophrenia the difficulties in recognizing other people’s cognitive errors may be associated with the impairment of each of these factors.

Keywords: cognitive errors, theory of mind, schizophrenia, visual perception, visual attention, eye movements

Column: Empirical Research



This work was supported by grant RFBR № 18-013-01217.

For Reference

  1. Andrianova N.E. Narusheniya ponimaniya situatsii sotsial’nogo vzaimodeistviya pri shizofrenii. Diss. kand. psikhol. nauk [Impairment of understanding of social interaction in schizophrenia. Ph. D. (Psychology) diss.]. Saint-Petersburg, 2017. 202 p.
  2. Akhutina T.V. Teoriya rechevogo obshcheniya v trudakh M.M. Bakhtina i L.S. Vygotskogo [The theory of speech communication in the works of M.M. Bakhtin and L.S. Vygotsky]. Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Seriya 14. Psikhologiya [Moscow University Psychology Bulletin], 1984, no. 3, pp. 3—13.
  3. Bakhtin M.M. Izbrannoe. Tom 1. Avtor i geroi v esteticheskom sobytii [Selected Works. Vol. 1. The Author and the Character in Aesthetic Event]. Saint-Petersburg: Publ. Tsentr gumanitarnykh initsiativ, 2017. 544 p.
  4. Vygotskii L.S. Lektsii po pedologii [Lectures on Pedology]. Izhevsk: Izdatel’skii dom «Udmurtskii universitet», 2001. 304 p.
  5. Vygotskii L.S. Psikhologiya razvitiya cheloveka [Psychology of Human Development]. Moscow: Publ. Smysl; Eksmo, 2006. 1136 p.
  6. Zotov M.V., Andrianova N.E., Popova D.A., Guseva M.S. Seeing through the Eyes of Others: Social Interaction Perception in Normal and Schizophrenia Subjects. Кul’turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya [Cultural-historical psychology], 2015. Vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 4—21. (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.). doi: 10.17759/chp.2015110401
  7. Rychkova O.V., Kholmogorova A.B. Kontseptsiya «sotsial’nogo mozga» kak osnovy sotsial’nogo poznaniya i ego narushenii pri psikhicheskoi patologii. Chast’ I. Kontseptsiya «sotsial’nyi mozg» — produkt sovremennoi neironauki [Social Brain Concept as a Basis for Social Cognition and Its Deficits in Mental Disorders. Part I. ‘Social Brain’: Product of Modern Neuroscience]. Kul’turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya [Cultural-historical psychology], 2012, no. 3, pp. 86—94. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.).
  8. Rychkova O.V., Kholmogorova A.B. Kontseptsiya «sotsial’nogo mozga» kak osnovy sotsial’nogo poznaniya i ego narushenii pri psikhicheskoi patologii. Chast’ II. Kontseptsiya «sotsial’nyi mozg» — strukturnye komponenty i svyaz’ s psikhopatologiei [Social Brain Concept as a Basis for Social Cognition and Its Deficits in Mental Disorders. Part II. ‘Social Brain’: Structural Components and Connections with Psychopathology]. Kul’turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya [Cultural-historical psychology], 2012, no. 4, pp. 86—94. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)
  9. Rychkova O.V., Kholmogorova A.B. Osnovnye teoreticheskie podkhody k issledovaniyu narushenii sotsial’nogo poznaniya pri shizofrenii: sovremennyi status i perspektivy razvitiya [The main theoretical approaches to the study of disorders of social cognition in schizophrenia: current status and prospects of development]. Konsul’tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya [ Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy], 2014. Vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 30—43. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)
  10. Baron-Cohen S. Mindblindness: An essay on autism and theory of mind. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press, 1995. 183 p.
  11. Baron-Cohen S., Tager-Flusberg H., Cohen D. (Eds). Understanding Other Minds: Perspective from Developmental Social Neuroscience. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013. 520 p.
  12. Bora E., Yucel M., Pantelis C. Theory of mind impairment in schizophrenia: Meta-analysis. Schizophrenia Research, 2009. Vol. 109, pp. 1—9. doi: 10.1016/j.schres.2008.12.020
  13. Brüne M. «Theory of Mind» in Schizophrenia: A Review of the Literature. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 2005. Vol. 31 (1), pp. 21—42. doi:10.1093/schbul/sbi002
  14. Brüne M., Abdel-Hamid M., Lehmkamper C., Sonntag C. Mental state attribution, neurocognitive functioning, and psychopathology: what predicts social competence in schizophrenia best? Schizophrenia Research, 2007. Vol. 92, pp. 151—159. doi:10.1016/j.schres.2007.01.006
  15. Chown N. Understanding and evaluating autism theory. London and Philadelphia: Jessica Kingsley Publishers, 2017. 368 p.
  16. Dennett D.C. ‘Beliefs about beliefs. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 1978. Vol. 4, pp. 568—570. doi:10.1017/ S0140525X00076664
  17. Endsley M.R. A taxonomy of situation awareness errors. In Fuller R. (eds.), Human factors in aviation operations. Aldershot, England: Avebury Aviation, Ashgate Publishing Ltd, 1995, pp. 287—292.
  18. Frith C.D., Corcoran R. Exploring ‘theory of mind’ in people with schizophrenia. Psychological Medicine, 1996. Vol. 26, pp. 521—530. doi:10.1017/S0033291700035601
  19. Goodwin Ch. The co-operative, transformative organization of human action and knowledge. Journal of Pragmatics, 2013. Vol. 46 (1), pp. 8—23. doi:10.1016/j.pragma.2012.09.003
  20. Jones D.G., Endsley M.R. Sources of situation awareness errors in aviation. Aviation, Space and Environmental Medicine, 1996. Vol. 67, pp. 507—512.
  21. Komogortsev O., Jayarathna U., Koh D., Gowda M. Qualitative and Quantitative Scoring and Evaluation of the Eye Movement Classification Algorithms. Proceedings of ACM Eye Tracking Research & Applications Symposium. Austin: TX, 2010, pp. 1—4. doi: 10.1145/1743666.1743682
  22. Premack D., Woodruff G. Does the chimpanzee have a theory of mind? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 1978. Vol. 4, pp. 515—526. doi:10.1017/S0140525X00076512
  23. Reason J. Human Error. In W. Karwowski (ed.), International Encyclopedia of Ergonomics and Human Factors. Vol. 1. London and New York: Taylor & Francis, 2001, pp. 463—465.
  24. Reason J. Human Error. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990. 302 p.
  25. Sprong M., Schothorst P., Vos E., Hox J., Van Engeland H. Theory of mind in schizophrenia: meta-analysis. British Journal of Psychiatry, 2007. Vol. 191, pp. 5—13. doi:10.1192/bjp.bp.107.035899
  26. Tomasello M. A natural history of human thinking. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 2014. 178 p.
comments powered by Disqus

© 2007–2020 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License

RSS Psyjournals at facebook Psyjournals at Twitter Psyjournals at Youtube ??????.???????