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Cultural-Historical Psychology

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1816-5435

ISSN (online): 2224-8935

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/chp

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published since 2005

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

Affiliated ISCAR

 

Neuropsychological and Electrophysiological Profiles in Adolescents with ADHD: a Qualitative Approach 91

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Soto H.
PhD student in Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6536-1585
e-mail: hanselsh@ufrn.edu.br

Solovieva Yu
PhD in Psychology, Director Master Program in Neuropsychological Diagnosis and rehabilitation, Faculty of Psychology, Autonomus University of Puebla, Puebla, Mexico
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5610-1474
e-mail: yulia.solovieva@correo.buap.mx

Pelayo H.
Professor Faculty of Psychology, Meritorious Autonomous University of Puebla, Puebla, Mexico
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3543-8929
e-mail: hecpe@hotmail.com

Rivas X.
Master in neuropsychological diagnosis and rehabilitation, Neurophysiologist, Cholula General Hospital, Mexico
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1451-4910
e-mail: xaman.rivas@live.com.mx

Machinskaya R.I.
Doctor of Biology, senior researcher, head of laboratory, Institute of Age Physiology of the Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5846-384X
e-mail: reginamachinskaya@gmail.com

Quintanar L.
PhD in Psychology, Researcher Master Program in Neuropsychological Diagnosis and rehabilitation, Faculty of Psychology, Autonomus University of Puebla, Puebla, Mexico
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9758-1467
e-mail: luis.quintanar@correo.buap.mx

Hazin I.
PhD, Professor in Faculty of Psychology, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4045-8628
e-mail: izabel.hazin@gmail.com

Abstract
Previous studies report the absence of a single pattern of attention-deficit, as isolated clinical picture, according to neuropsychological and electrophysiological characteristics during ontogeny. The aim of this study was to use qualitative approach of cultural historical neuropsychology introduced by A.R. Luria to detect the neuropsychological functional factors which underline the cases of attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder in adolescence. The study included 20 adolescents, 10 with ADHD, and 10 control subjects. The method of analysis of neuropsychological syndrome was used to identify the functional state of neuropsychological brain factors according to the results of neuropsychological qualitative assessment. The electroencephalogram method was also applied, using a visual qualitative study to evaluate the functional level of cortical and subcortical brain structures. The results obtained using qualitative analysis of the data confirm the presence of different clinical pictures in adolescents with ADHD from neuropsychological and electrophysiological level of analysis. There is no any kind of unique isolated patterns, but rather, diffuse and more global participation of subcortical regulation of different levels. The results show that ADHD is not a single clinical picture as several neuropsychological profiles were detected. Qualitative analysis of syndromes, according to cultural historical approach, suggest the necessity of an individual approach for the precision of brain functional mechanisms (or neuropsychological factors) in each concrete case.

Keywords: ADHD, clinical neuropsychological assessment, EEG analysis, neuropsychological profile, Luria’s approach.

Column: Special Psychology

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/chp.2022180204

Funding. This work was funded by grant of The National Council on Science and Technology (CONACYT) — Mexico (project № 819641/620990).

Acknowledgements. The authors are grateful to the adolescents that participated in the study.

Received: 08.07.2022

Accepted: 27.04.2022

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