Russian Psychological Issues
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice Manuscript SubmissionAbout PsyJournals.ruContact Us
Cultural-Historical Psychology - №2 / 2022
Web of Science СС

  Previous issue (2022. Vol. 18, no. 1)

Included in Scopus

Journal Quartiles 2021

CiteScore : Q2

Details on


Cultural-Historical Psychology

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1816-5435

ISSN (online): 2224-8935


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published since 2005

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

Affiliated ISCAR


Scale of Early Childhood Communication Signals: Evaluation of Child-Parent Interaction 19


Shinina T.V.
PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of Neuro- and Pathopsychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia

Mitina O.V.
PhD in Psychology, Leading Research Associate, Department of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

The research is aimed at developing a scale for evaluating the communication signals of an early age child, with the help of which it is possible to assess the predictors of the development of behavioral, cognitive and socio-emotional skills in a child. This system of fixing the child’s communication signals is based on the periodization of the ontogeny of communication between M. Lisina and her followers (E. Smirnova, D. Godovikova, S. Meshcheryakova, etc.), which allows us to consider specific forms of communication between a child and an adult in the new social situation of modern children’s development. The materials of an empirical study conducted on a sample of dyads of mothers and young children are presented. The study (N=55) involved dyads of mothers and children aged 2.4 to 3.3 years (M=2.9; SD=0.40), of which 62% were girls. The study included a video recording of a mother’s playtime interaction with a child for 15 minutes. The resulting video clips were analyzed and encoded using the “Observer-XT 14” program. To evaluate video protocols, experts used the evaluation of child-parent interaction method “ Evaluation of child-parent interaction “[ECPI-2 ed.] Scale of “child Communication signals”. The method of main components was used for processing expert assessments, which allowed us to distinguish three factors of children’s indicators [“Research activity” — “Exploratory activity”; “Personal autonomy” — “Personal autonomy”;” Emotional alienation “ — “Emotional alienation”]. Based on the results obtained, we can talk about the stability of indicators-factors that characterize the child’s communication signals. Based on an array of experimental data [49,500 seconds of video tape], a model has been developed for analyzing dynamic changes occurring in the process of child-parent interaction. All factors are stable over time: autocorrelation dynamic series are characterized by high values of correlation coefficients [the reliability of each of the 10 indicators or 3 child factors is at least α=0.70]. It is noted that the formation of personal autonomy when interacting with a significant adult and the emotional alienation of a child from an adult can ambivalently influence the child’s research activity.

Keywords: assessment scale, observation method, independence, personal autonomy, early age, video analysis, behavior, Observer-XT


Funding. The reported study was funded by Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR), project number 19-513-92001 «Cross-cultural peculiarities of interaction between a significant adult and a child in Russia and Vietnam».

Acknowledgements. The authors are grateful young scientists, clinical psychologists of the Department of neuro-and pathopsychology development of MSUPE Garifullina A.D. and Park V. V. for their help in coding cases with the program “the Observer — XT 14”.

Received: 04.01.2020

Accepted: 01.03.2022

For Reference

  1. Belinskaya E.P. Sovremennye issledovaniya identichnosti: ot strukturnoi opredelennosti k protsessual’nosti i nezavershennosti [Modern identity studies: from structural certainty to procedural incompleteness]. Vestnik Sankt- Peterburgskogo universiteta. Psikhologiya i pedagogika=Bulletin of Saint Petersburg University. Psychology and Education, 2018. Vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 6—15. (In Russ.).
  2. Veraksa N.E. Detskoe razvitie: dve paradigmy [Child Development: Two Paradigms]. Kul’turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya=Cultural-Historical Psychology, 2018. Vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 102—108. DOI:10.17759/chp.2018140211. (In Russ.).
  3. Vygotskiĭ L.S. Sobranie sochinenii: v 6 t. T. 4 [Collected works: in 6 vol. Vol. 4]. In Zaporozhtsa A.V. (ed.). Moscow: Pedagogika, 1984. 432 p. (In Russ.).
  4. Galasyuk I.N., Shinina T.V., Irgashev N.R., Morozova I.G., Pasechnik O.N. Otkrytaya professional’naya ekspertiza metodiki detsko-roditel’skogo vzaimodeĭstviya: vektory razvitiya psikhologicheskogo instrumentariya [Open professional examination of the methodology of parent-child interaction: development vectors of psychological tools]. Aktual’nye problemy psikhologicheskogo znaniya. Teoreticheskie i prakticheskie problemy psikhologii=Actual problems of psychological knowledge. Theoretical and practical problems of psychology, 2018, no. 3 (48), pp. 5—24. (In Russ.).
  5. Galasyuk I.N. Semeinaya psikhologiya: metodika «otsenka detsko-roditel’skogo vzaimodeistviya». Evaluation of child-parent interaction (ecpi-2.0) [Family psychology: evaluation of child-parent interaction (ecpi-2.0)]. In Galasyuk I.N., Shinina T.V. (eds.). Moscow: Publ. Yurait, 2019. 223 p. (In Russ.).
  6. Galasyuk I.N., Shinina T.V. «Otsenka detsko-roditel’skogo vzaimodeistviya» Evaluation of child-parent interaction (ECPI) [Evaluation of child-parent interaction (ECPI)]. Moscow: ITD Perspektiva, 2017. 304 p. (In Russ.).
  7. Davydov V.V. Kategoriya deyatel’nosti i psikhicheskogo otrazheniya v teorii A.N. Leont’eva [The category of activity and mental reflection in the theory of A.N. Leontiev]. Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Seriya 14: Psikhologiya = Bulletin of Moscow State University. Series 14: Psychology, 1979, no. 4, p. 25. (In Russ.).
  8. Diagnostika psikhicheskogo razvitiya deteĭ ot rozhdeniya do 3 let [Diagnosis of the mental development of children from birth to 3 years]. In Smirnova E.O. (eds.). Moscow: MGPPU, 2002. 128 p. (In Russ.).
  9. Zaporozhets A.V., El’konin D.B. Problemy detskoi psikhologii v trudakh A.N. Leont’eva [Problems of child psychology in the works of A.N. Leontiev]. In Zaporozhets A.V. (eds.) A.N. Leont’ev i sovremennaya psikhologiya = A.N. Leontiev and modern psychology,1983, pp. 66—77. (In Russ.).
  10. Krivtsova S.V. Periodizatsiya razvitiya samosti ot rozhdeniya do semi let: ekzistentsial’nyi analiz [Periodization of the development of the self from birth to seven years: an existential analysis]. Voprosy psikhologii=Psychology issues, 2017, no. 2, pp. 29—45. (In Russ.).
  11. Kurdyumov S.N. Sobstvennye funktsii goreniya nelineinoi sredy i konstruktivnye zakony postroeniya ee organizatsii [Eigenfunctions of the combustion of a nonlinear medium and constructive laws for constructing its organization]. Sovremennye problemy matematicheskoi fiziki i vychislitel’noi matematiki = Modern problems of mathematical physics and computational mathematics. Moscow: Nauka, 1982, pp. 235—236. (In Russ.).
  12. Leont’ev A.N. Stanovlenie psikhologii deyatel’nosti. Rannie raboty [The establishment of the psychology of activity. Early work]. In Leont’ev A.A. (eds.). Moscow: Smysl, 2003. 880 p. (In Russ.).
  13. Lisina M.I. Problemy ontogeneza obshcheniya [Communication ontogenesis problems]. Moscow: Pedagogika, 1986. 144 p. (In Russ.).
  14. Lisina M.I. Formirovanie lichnosti rebenka v obshchenii [The formation of the personality of the child in communication]. Saint-Petersburg: Publ. Piter, 2009. 320 p. (In Russ.).
  15. Martsinkovskaya T.D. Information Space of a Transitive Society: Challenges and Prospects. Konsul’tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya=Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2019. Vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 77—96. DOI:10.17759/ cpp.2019270306. (In Russ.).
  16. Polivanova K.N. Childhood in a changing world [Elektronnyi resurs]. Sovremennaia zarubezhnaia psikhologiia=Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology, 2016. Vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 5—10. DOI:10.17759/jmfp.2016050201 (Accessed 20.12.2019). (In Russ.).
  17. Politicheskaya psikhologiya: psikhosemanticheskii podkhod [Political Psychology: A Psychosemantic Approach]. In Petrenko V.F., Mitina O.V. (eds.). Moscow; Chelyabinsk: Sotsium, 2018. 590 p. (In Russ.).
  18. Rubinshtein S.L. Problemy obshchei psikhologii [Problems of General Psychology]. Moscow: Pedagogika, 1973. 424 p. (In Russ.).
  19. Smirnova E.O. Usloviya formirovaniya i podderzhki detskoi initsiativy v detskom sadu [Conditions for the formation and support of a children’s initiative in kindergarten]. Detskii sad: teoriya i praktika=Kindergarten: theory and practice, 2016, no. 6 (66), pp. 18—31. (In Russ.).
  20. Smirnova E.O., Sokolova M.V. The method of diagnostics ofparental attitude structure and its dynamics in child’s ontogenesis. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie=Psychological Science and Education, 2005. Vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 83—91. (In Russ.).
  21. Soldatova G.U., Vishneva A.E. Features of the Development of the Cognitive Sphere in Children with Different Online Activities: Is There a Golden Mean? Konsul’tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya=Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2019. Vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 97— 118. DOI:10.17759/cpp.2019270307. (In Russ.).
  22. Soldatova G.U. Tsifrovaya sotsializatsiya v kul’turnoistoricheskoi paradigme: izmenyayushchiisya rebenok v izmenyayushchemsya mire [Digital socialization in the cultural-historical paradigm: a changing child in a changing world]. Sotsial’naia psikhologiia i obshchestvo=Social Psychology and Society, 2018. Vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 71—80. DOI:10.17759/sps.2018090308. (In Russ.).
  23. Tokarskaya L.V., Lavrova M.A. Metodiki otsenki rannego detsko-roditel’skogo vzaimodeĭstviya [Early Parent- Child Interaction Assessment Techniques]. Kul’turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya=Cultural-Historical Psychology, 2018. Vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 86—92. DOI:10.17759/chp.2018140209 (In Russ.).
  24. Shinina T.V. Kommunikativnye signaly osobogo rebenka: resursy roditelya v razvitii obshcheniya [Communicative signals of a special child: parental resources in the development of communication]. Materialy pyatnadtsatoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii “Prakticheskaya psikhologiya obrazovaniya XXI veka. Prikladnaya psikhologiya na sluzhbe razvivayushcheisya lichnosti” (g. Kolomna, 9—10 fevralya 2017 g.) [Proceedings of the Fifteenth Scientific and Practical Conference “Practical psychology of education of the XXI century. Applied Psychology in the Service of a Developing Personality”]. Kolomna: Gosudarstvennyi sotsial’no-gumanitarnyi universitet, 2017, pp. 254—259. (In Russ.).
  25. Shinina T.V. Markery detskoi initsiativy: otsenka videozapisei detsko-roditel’skogo vzaimodeistviya [Markers of children’s initiatives: evaluation of video records of child and parental interaction]. Materialy vos’moi Mezhdunarodnoi konferentsii “Vospitanie i obuchenie detei mladshego vozrasta (ECCE 2019)” (g. Moskva, 29 maya — 1 iyunya 2019 g.) [Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference “Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE 2019)”]. Moscow: Izdatel’stvo Moskovskogo universiteta, 2019, pp. 140—141. (In Russ.).
  26. Green J., Pickles A., Pasco G., Bedford R., Wan M.W., Elsabbagh M., Slonims V., Gliga T., Jones E.J.H., Cheung C.H.M., Charman T., Johnson M.H et al. Randomised trial of a parent-mediated intervention for infants at high risk for autism: longitudinal outcomes to age 3 years. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2017. Vol. 58 (12), pp. 1—11. DOI:10.1111/jcpp.12728.
  27. Misund A.R., Bråten S., Nerdrum P., Pripp A.H., Diseth T.H. A Norwegian prospective study of preterm mother—infant interactions at 6 and 18 months and the impact of maternal mental health problems, pregnancy and birth complications. BMJ Open, 2015. Vol. 6. DOI:10.1136/ bmjopen-2015-009699.
  28. Shinina T.V., Mitina O.V. Design and Validation of the «Adolescents’ Readiness for Independent Living» Questionnaire: Assessment and Development of Life Skills. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie=Psychological Science and Education, 2019. Vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 50—68. DOI:10.17759/ pse.2019240104.
  29. Shinina T.V., Mitina O.V. Markers of child communication signals: behavioral aspect introduction. Proceedings of the XVI European Congress of Psychology (ECP 2019) (Moscow, 2—5 July 2019). Moscow: Moscow University Press, 2019, pp. 2018.
  30. Thomas J.C., Letourneau N., Campbell T.S., Tomfohr- Madsen L., Giesbrecht G.F. Developmental Origins of Infant Emotion Regulation: Mediation by Temperamental Negativity and Moderation by Maternal Sensitivity. Developmental Psychology, 2017. Vol. 53 (4), pp. 611—628. DOI:10.1037/ dev0000279
  31. Tryphonopoulos P.D., Letourneau N., DiTommaso E. Caregiver-infant interaction quality: A review of observational assessment tools (Review). Comprehensive child and adolescent nursing, 2016. Vol. 39 (2), pp. 107—138. DOI:10.3109/014608 62.2015.1134720
  32. Wan M.W., Green J., Elsabbagh M., Johnson M., Charman T. Quality of interaction between at-risk infants and caregiver at 12-15 months is associated with 3-year autism outcome. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2013. Vol. 54 (7), pp. 763—771. DOI:10.1111/jcpp.12032
  33. Weber A., Harrison T.M., Steward D., Sinnott L., Shoben A. Oxytocin trajectories and social engagement in extremely premature infants during NICU hospitalization. Infant Behavior and Development, 2017. Vol. 48, pp. 78—87. DOI:10.1016/j.infbeh.2017.05.006
  34. White-Traut R., Norr K.F., Fabiyi C., Rankin K.M., Li Z., Li L. Mother-infant interaction improves with a developmental intervention for mother-preterm infant dyads. Infant Behavior and Development, 2013. Vol. 36 (4), pp. 1—25. DOI:10.1016/j.infbeh.2013.07.004

© 2007–2022 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License Open Access Repository     Webometrics Ranking of Repositories

RSS Psyjournals at Youtube ??????.???????