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Cultural-Historical Psychology - №2 / 2022
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Cultural-Historical Psychology

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1816-5435

ISSN (online): 2224-8935

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/chp

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published since 2005

Published quarterly

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Open Access Journal

Affiliated ISCAR

 

Scale of Early Childhood Communication Signals: Evaluation of Child-Parent Interaction 19

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Shinina T.V.
PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of Neuro- and Pathopsychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5572-9104
e-mail: ShininaTV78@gmail.com

Mitina O.V.
PhD in Psychology, Leading Research Associate, Department of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2237-4404
e-mail: omitina@inbox.ru

Abstract
The research is aimed at developing a scale for evaluating the communication signals of an early age child, with the help of which it is possible to assess the predictors of the development of behavioral, cognitive and socio-emotional skills in a child. This system of fixing the child’s communication signals is based on the periodization of the ontogeny of communication between M. Lisina and her followers (E. Smirnova, D. Godovikova, S. Meshcheryakova, etc.), which allows us to consider specific forms of communication between a child and an adult in the new social situation of modern children’s development. The materials of an empirical study conducted on a sample of dyads of mothers and young children are presented. The study (N=55) involved dyads of mothers and children aged 2.4 to 3.3 years (M=2.9; SD=0.40), of which 62% were girls. The study included a video recording of a mother’s playtime interaction with a child for 15 minutes. The resulting video clips were analyzed and encoded using the “Observer-XT 14” program. To evaluate video protocols, experts used the evaluation of child-parent interaction method “ Evaluation of child-parent interaction “[ECPI-2 ed.] Scale of “child Communication signals”. The method of main components was used for processing expert assessments, which allowed us to distinguish three factors of children’s indicators [“Research activity” — “Exploratory activity”; “Personal autonomy” — “Personal autonomy”;” Emotional alienation “ — “Emotional alienation”]. Based on the results obtained, we can talk about the stability of indicators-factors that characterize the child’s communication signals. Based on an array of experimental data [49,500 seconds of video tape], a model has been developed for analyzing dynamic changes occurring in the process of child-parent interaction. All factors are stable over time: autocorrelation dynamic series are characterized by high values of correlation coefficients [the reliability of each of the 10 indicators or 3 child factors is at least α=0.70]. It is noted that the formation of personal autonomy when interacting with a significant adult and the emotional alienation of a child from an adult can ambivalently influence the child’s research activity.

Keywords: assessment scale, observation method, independence, personal autonomy, early age, video analysis, behavior, Observer-XT

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/chp.2022000001

Funding. The reported study was funded by Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR), project number 19-513-92001 «Cross-cultural peculiarities of interaction between a significant adult and a child in Russia and Vietnam».

Acknowledgements. The authors are grateful young scientists, clinical psychologists of the Department of neuro-and pathopsychology development of MSUPE Garifullina A.D. and Park V. V. for their help in coding cases with the program “the Observer — XT 14”.

Received: 04.01.2020

Accepted: 01.03.2022

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