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Cultural Person as a Result of the Education. From the History of the Domestic Philosophy of Education: V.V. Rozanov, S.I. Gessen, E.V. Il’enkov 298
The system of the education is one of the fundamental social institute which is invoked providing not only the transfer of knowledge but also the continuity and the stability of the social development. After several decades of the constant reforming Russian system of the education haven’t been adapted to the new reality of the informational civilization, neither it has achieved the harmonization between that reality and traditional values of the Russian culture. There are some trends and mental attitudes which can be traced in the history of Russian philosophical thought and can be counterposed to above-mentioned negative tendencies. These trends have manifested itself in works of such different thinkers as V.V. Rozanov, S.I. Gessen and E.V. Il’enkov, who stay in a not numerous row of those Russian thinkers who paid special attention to philosophical-educational problems. This article is an attempt to outline the domestic tradition of philosophy of education which can withstand to instrumentalist and utilitarian trends of the modern education. It is demonstrated that despite some different philosophical premises above-mentioned thinkers articulated some comparable purposes of the education – ideas of “transformation of the natural man to the cultural person” (V.V. Rozanov), “the conversion of the life to the cultural existence” (S.I. Gessen), “the formation of the totally developed person” (E.V. Il’enkov). There will be an attempt to show that the Russian thinker’s philosophical-educational conceptions not only are of historical interest but also have the potential to be an important conceptual resource for the development of the contemporary Russian society.
Keywords: philosophy of education, history of Russian philosophy, V.V. Rozanov, S.I. Gessen, E.V. Il’enkov