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The specificity of psychologism in the works of E.M. Remark (on the material of the work “Shadows in Paradise”) 417
The article analyzes the methods of psychologism in the work of Erich Maria Remarque on the example of his late work “Shadows in Paradise”, less well known and studied in comparison with the glorified and repeatedly filmed novels “On the Western Front Without Changes”, “Three Comrades” or “Triumphal Arch” . The work clarifies the very concept of “psychologism”, examines its characteristic features, highlights the main forms of psychologism. The specific examples demonstrate the role of the portrait, color painting, sound writing, artistic details, the speech of the characters and the peculiarities of their non-verbal communication in the work of the German writer. It is proved that the whole set of methods of psychologism helps the awareness of the problematics of the work. Problems, largely due to the historical and political situation of the time in which the author lived and wrote, but not limited to it. After all, the situations of existential crisis and moral choice, in which Remarque's characters often find themselves, are typical of any era. The ability of the writer to reveal the inner world of his characters and understand how they are guided in their actions, sometimes irrational, - this is what makes his work relevant and interesting to readers even today, in the 21st century.
Keywords: E.M. Remarque, psychologism, “Shadows in paradise”, forms of psychological analysis, direct psychologism, indirect psychologism, summarily-denoting form of psychologism