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Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2312-2757


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

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The Definitions of Learning Process (Types of Motivation and Theories) 913


Burlakova I.I.
Doctor of Education, head of the Department of linguodidactics and intercultural communication, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia

Gubanova L.V.
PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor of the Department of Linguodidactics and Intercultural Communication, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia

Learning is one of the major items dealt with psychology. Learning is typically defined as modification of behavior through practice and training. The process of learning is affected by such factors as environment, motivation, health, emotions, maturation and aging. A number of theories are found operative for the process of learning among which the prominent are: Classical conditioning by I.P. Pavlov, Operant conditioning by B.F. Skinner, Trial and Error theory by E.L. Thorndike, Gestalt or Insightful theory by F. D. Kohler and Kurt Koffka, J. B. Watson’s theory of learning and etc. It is suggested that for the best transfer of learning the individual should discover interrelationships for himself. He should be exposed to the diverse and multifaceted interrelationships and principles that can help draw generalizations.

Keywords: learning, behavior, motivation, conditioned response, trial and error, insight

Column: Linguodidactics and Innovations.Psychological Basis of Learning Languages and Cultures.


For Reference

  1. Bandura A. Social Learning Theory. Eglewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1973, 390 p.
  2. Gagne R. The conditions of learning. 4-th ed. NY: Holt, Renihart & Winston, 1985.
  3. Johnson D. W., Johnson R. T. Learning together and alone. Cooperation, Competition and in dualization. Eglewood Cliffs. 1975.
  4. Skinner B.F. The technology of teaching. NY: Appleton – Century, Crofts, 1968. 

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