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Poetics and Genre-Stylistic Features Rutulian Folk Tales

Makhmudova S.M.
Doctor of Philology, Doctor of Philology, head of Department of "Linguodidactics and intercultural communication" of the institute "Foreign languages, modern communications and management", MSUPE, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0220-6216
e-mail: mahmudovasm@mgppu.ru

Abstract
Rutuli is one of the most ancient peoples - inhabitants of the Caucasus, whose history, folklore, and culture are not adequately studied. Nevertheless, oral folk art, carefully transmitted from one generation to another, is striking in its richness of forms and genres. These are couplets — the real pearls of a poetic syllable that obey strict laws — two verses are a contrast: the first line contains a picture of nature, the second contains the mental states of the lyrical hero; have a rhyme; both lines consist of 8 syllables, for example: Гьай джан дуьнйаа, дад адишды,Дерд гьухьус духул гидишды. The world does not make happy, my sorrow will blow rock. Былахад хьед маа хъыгадий, Вахда ул ливес йигадий. A sip of water used from a spring, At least once to look at you. (Our translation). We managed to publish a collection of proverbs of rutules, but the material found in the speech of native speakers makes us think that not a fifth of the proverbial collection has been collected. Fairy-tale material is also richly presented. Rutulian tales have not been published so far and have not served as the subject of scientific analysis. This work is the first attempt at a special analysis of the artistic originality of the Rutulian fairy tale - the folklore genre, which represents a literary heritage and reflects the national specificity of the literary thinking of the people that has developed over millennia.

Keywords: Rutul language, Rutul folklore, Rutul fairy tales, wealth of the fairy tale fund, ancient folklore genre, fairy tales, everyday tales, animal tales, parables, reflection of national mentality

Column: World Literature. Textual Criticism

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/langt.2020070102

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