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Language and Text

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2312-2757

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/langt

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

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Contrastive Analysis of English, Russian, and Hebrew Red Idioms 81

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Kigel T.
teacher, Behazlaha-center, Israel
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4136-4711
e-mail: kigelt@gmail.com

Abstract
The paper studied 130 colorative idioms with colorative red (RI) in three languages from electronic sources, with a focus on current vocabulary from the 20th and 21st centuries. RIs numerous meanings were investigated, then merged into trilingual associative chains, and finally into seven microsystems, using statistical, comparative, linguistic, and linguistic-cultural analysis methods within the framework of the linguocultural approach to RI: Blood color-activity-disease-medical care-shame-irritation - anger - aggression - crime - murder; Fire - attractiveness; Danger - prohibition – border- red-green; Revolution - anarchism-communism; Prestige- holiday; Sex; Red object's color. We also found trilingual extra-associative RIs, which have meanings not found in the associative chains. The study examined RI quantitatively, identifying trilingual equivalent and lacunar idioms, linked between RI and red in nature, noting the formation of new RI meanings and connotation changes in three languages through time. Polysemy, antinomy with different hues (green, black, white, and blue), international neologisms (computer technology, the stock market, the coronavirus pandemic), and the relevance of RI in modern languages and linguistic culture were the topics covered in this research.

Keywords: contrastive linguistics, colorative idioms, red, English, Russian, Hebrew

Column: Psycholinguistics, Sociolinguistics, Ethnolinguistics

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/langt.2021080210

Received: 01.05.2021

Accepted: 14.05.2021

For Reference

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