Russian Psychological Issues PsyJournals.ru
OPEN ACCESS JOURNALS
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice Manuscript SubmissionAbout PsyJournals.ruContact Us

  Previous issue (2021. Vol. 8, no. 1)

CrossRef

Language and Text

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2312-2757

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/langt

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published since 2014

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

The Language of the Besermians in the Light of the Historical Communication Processes of the Peoples of the Volga-Urals Region 122

|

Robustova E.V.
PhD in History, Head of the department of Social Disciplines and Humanities, The Graduate School of Performing Arts’, a non-governmental private higher education institution» , «Theatre School of Konstantin Raykin» , Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4484-5035
e-mail: robusta22@list.ru

Liukina N.M.
PhD in Philology, Associate Professor of Foreign Languages and Udmurt Philology Department, Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education «Glazov State Pedagogical Institute named after V.G. Korolenko», Glazov, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8159-6007
e-mail: nadluk.63@mail.ru

Abstract
The article considers the linguistic aspects of the "Bessermian problem", the essence of which lies in the debatability of the question of the Bessermian ethnogenesis, namely about either the Turkic or Finno-Ugric origin of the Bessermian ethnos, whose history, unfolding during the last centuries on the territory of the Urals region, has no written sources and is little-studied. The interest to this problem stems from the studies of historical migrations of the peoples who constituted the population of Volga Bulgaria, a powerful state formation, which ceased to exist during the Mongol-Tatar conquests, and clarification of the historical fate of the people, recorded in a number of medieval sources under the designation "Beserm'en". In the connection with the attempts to verify the hypothesis, allowing to consider Bessermians as "direct descendants of the Kama Bulgars", the materials collected by the researchers of Bessermian language in the late 19th century, as well as in the 20th – early 21st centuries, were updated and subjected to the scientific-historical consideration, where the comparison of Bessermian dialect with Chuvash language, scientifically recognized as the only living language of Bulgar (or Oghur) group of the Turkish languages, was made. On the basis of the historiographical analysis the conclusion is made: despite the fact that at present Besermians are referred to small Finno-Ugrian groups, the question of their identification with the autochthonous Finno-Ugrian.

Keywords: ethnolinguistics, comparative historical linguistics, Volga Bulgaria, Vyatka gubernia, Besermian dialect of the Udmurt language, Bulgarian linguistic substrate, ethnogenesis

Column: Psycholinguistics, Sociolinguistics, Ethnolinguistics

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/langt.2021080208

Received: 01.05.2021

Accepted: 15.05.2021

For Reference

References
  1. Arkhipov G.A. Besermyanskoe narechie udmurtskogo yazyka. Soome-ugri keelte dialektoloogia alane nõupidamine: Ettekannete teesid, 1958. Tartu, pp. 7–10. (In Russ.).
  2. Atamanov M.G. Etnogenez udmurtov: rol' lingvistiki v reshenii etnogeneticheskikh problem. Ezhegodnik finno-ugorskikh issledovanii=Finno-Ugric Studies Yearbook, 2011, no. 1, pp. 27–61. Available at: http://finno-ugry.ru/Yearbook_Finno_Ugric_Studies/articles (Accessed 30.04.2021). (In Russ.).
  3. Atamanov-Egrapi M.G. Proiskhozhdenie udmurtskogo naroda. 2-e izd., dopol. 2017. Izhevsk: Udmurtiya, 590 p. (In Russ.).
  4. Kel'makov V.K. Bulgarskii substrata v yazyka Besermian? Materially IX konferentsii podialektologii tyurkskikh yazykov: tezisy dokladov i soobshchenii (g. Ufa, 8–10 sentyabrya 1982 g.). Ufa, 1982. pp. 61–62. (In Russ.).
  5. Kel'makov V.K. Besermyanskoe narechie v sisteme udmurtskikh dialektov. Dialektnaya i istoricheskaya fonetika udmurtskogo yazyka. Ch. 1, 2003. Izhevsk: Izdatel'skii dom «Udmurtskii universitet», pp. 99–135. (In Russ.).
  6. Kel'makov V.K. K voprosu o bulgarskom substrate v yazyke besermyan. Voprosy dialektologii tyurkskikh yazykov, 1985. Ufa: BFAN SSSR, pp. 114–122. (In Russ.).
  7. Kel'makov V.K. Problemy sovremennoi udmurtskoi dialektologii v issledovaniyakh i materialakh. 1992. Izhevsk: Izdatel'stvo Udmurtskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, pp. 33–107. (In Russ.).
  8. Kel'makov V.K. Kratkii kurs udmurtskoi dialektologii: uchebnoe posobie dlya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedenii. 2-e izd., stereotipnoe. 2006. Izhevsk: Izdatel'skii dom «Udmurtskii universitet», pp. 43–44; 286–304. (In Russ.).
  9. Kel'makov V.K. Yazyk besermyan v sisteme udmurtskikh dialektov. XVII Vsesoyuznaya finno-ugorskaya konferentsiya: tezisy dokladov. T. I (g. Ustinov, 26–29 iyunya 1987 g.). 1987. Ustinov: NII pri SM UASSR, pp. 113–115. (In Russ.).
  10. Korepanov D. Besermyane: Nekotorye osobennosti yazyka besermyan sravnitel'no s severnymi i yuzhnymi udmurtami. Na udmurtskie temy: sbornik statei. (Uchenye zapiski Nauchno-issledovatel'skogo instituta narodov Sovetskogo Vostoka pri TsIK SSSR; Vyp. 2), 1931. Moscow: Tsentral'noe izdatel'stvo narodov SSSR, pp. 99–106. (In Russ.).
  11. Lyukina N.M. Narechiya v besermyanskikh govorakh udmurtskogo yazyka. Yazykovye kontakty narodov Povolzh'ya X: Aktual'nye problemy normativnoi i istoricheskoi fonetiki, grammatiki, leksikologii, stilistiki: sbornik statei, 2017. Izhevsk: Izdatel'skii tsentr «Udmurtskii universitet», pp. 194–199. (In Russ.).
  12. Lyukina N.M. Sovremennoe sostoyanie besermyanskikh govorov udmurtskogo yazyka. Materialy Vserossiiskoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem «VI Mezhdunarodnaya nauchno-prakticheskaya konferentsiya «Esipovskie chteniya», posvyashchennaya 120-letiyu so dnya rozhdeniya B.P. Esipova» (g. Glazov, 21 fevralya 2015 g.). 2015. Glazov, pp. 306–309. (In Russ.).
  13. Lyukina N.M. Fonetiko-morfologicheskie osobennosti yazyka lekminskikh i yundinskikh besermyan. 2016. Izhevsk: UIIYaL UrO RAN, 200 p. (In Russ.).
  14. Maksimov S.A. K probleme vozrozhdeniya gipotezy o tyurkskom substrate v yazyke besermyan. Yazykovye kontakty narodov Povolzh'ya i Urala. Sbornik statei XI Mezhdunarodnogo simpoziuma (g. Cheboksary, 21–24 maya 2018 g.). 2018. Cheboksary: Chuvashskii gosudarstvennyi universitet im I.N. Ul'yanova, pp. 78–83. (In Russ.).
  15. Maksimov S.A. On the perspectives of creating a dictionar y of the beserman dialect of the udmurt language (based on the materials of T.I. Teplyashina) Bulletin of Udmurt University. History and Philology Series 2020. Vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 197–203. Available at: https://journals.udsu.ru/history-philology/article/view/5117 (Accessed 30.04.2021). (In Russ.).
  16. Makhmudova S.M. Ustarevshaya leksika v rutul'skom yazyke. Yazyk i tekst=Language and Text, 2020. Vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 100–106. Available at: https://psyjournals.ru/langpsy/2020/n3/Mahmudova.shtml (Accessed 30.04.2021). (In Russ.).
  17. Nikol'skii D.P. O besermyanakh": (Etnograficheskiya zamѣtki [po rabote Shteinfel'da "Besermyane. Opyt" etnograficheskago izslѣdovaniya")]. Soobshch. 28 apr. 1895 g. v zasedaniiEtnogr. otd. Rus. geogr. obshch. 1895. Sankt-Peterburg: tip. S.N. Khudekova, 12 p. (In Russ.).
  18. Slovar' besermyanskogo dialekta udmurtskogo yazyka [Dictionary of the Besermyan dialect of the Udmurt language]. Ed.-Comp.: A.I. Kuznetsova, N.V. Serdobolskaya, M.N. Usacheva, O.L. Biryuk, R.I. Idrisov. 2013. Moscow: TESAURUS Publ., 540 p. (In Russ.).
  19. Tezaurus besermyanskogo narechiya: Imena i sluzhebnye chasti rechi (govor derevni Shamardan) [Thesaurus of the Beserman dialect: Names and auxiliary parts of speech (dialect of the village of Shamardan)]. Ed.-Comp. M.N. Usacheva [et al.] 2017. Moscow: Izdatel'skie resheniya Publ., 540 p.
  20. Teplyashina T.I. Yazyk besermyan. 1970. Moscow: Nauka, 288 p. (In Russ.).
  21. Tikhomirov M.N. Besermeny v russkikh istochnikakh. Issledovaniya po otechestvennomu istochnikovedeniyu: sbornik statei, posvyashch. 75-letiyu prof. S.N. Valka. Trudy Leningradskogo otdeleniya Instituta istorii AN SSSR. Vyp. 7, 1964. Moscow: Nauka, pp. 50–57. (In Russ.).
  22. Shteinfel'd N.P. Besermyane. Opyt" etnograficheskago izslѣdovaniya. Kalendar' i Pamyatnaya knizhka Vyatskoi gubernii na 1895 god. 1894. Vyatka: Gubernskaya tipografiya, pp. 220–259.
  23. Wichmann Y. Wotjakische Sprachproben I: Lieder, Gebete und Zaubersprüche. 1893. Helsingfors: Druckerei der finnischen Litteratur-Gesellschaft, 200 p.
  24. Wichmann Y. Wotjakische Sprachproben II: Sprichwörter, Rätsel, Märchen, Sagen und Erzählungen. 1901. Helsingfors: Druckerei der finnischen Litteratur-Gesellschaft, 200 p.
 
About PsyJournals.ru

© 2007–2022 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved

PsyJournals.ru in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License Open Access Repository     Webometrics Ranking of Repositories

RSS Psyjournals at facebook Psyjournals at Twitter Psyjournals at Youtube ??????.???????