A Counter-Theory of Transference 1194
PhD in Psychology, A student, colleague and friend of Carl Rogers at the University of Chicago from the late 1940s, John Shlien moved to Harvard University in 1967 as Professor of Education and Counseling Psychology. Although dedicated to ‘pure’ Client-Centered Therapy, his career was marked by interdisciplinary projects at Harvard including the Robert W. White School and the Clinical Psychology and Public Practice program., USA
The article presents a sharp and debatable vision of the traditional concepts of psychotherapy: transference and countertransference and the problem field, which they come from. The author, J. M. Shlien – a follower and colleague of Karl Rogers - offers his reconstruction of the history of ideas about transference and proposes a new theory to explain the specific phenomena in relations between the therapist and the client which were once discovered by S.Freud. J.M. Shlien is a well-known psychologist, has worked in the Harward University for many years, he is an author of many influential books on counseling psychology.
Keywords: transference, countertransference, psychoanalysis, client-centered psychotherapy, «original experience»
Column: Theory and Methodology
- Breuer J. & Freud S. 1957. Studies on hysteria. New York: Basic
- Epstein L. & Feiner A. 1974. Countertransference. New York:
- Fenichel O. 1941. Problems of psychoanalytic technique. Albany, NY:
Psychoanalytic Quarterly, Inc.
- Freeman L. 1972. The story of Anna O. New York: Walker.
- Freud A. 1946. The Ego and the Mechanisms of Defense. International
University Press, Inc., New York.
- Freud S. 1910. The future prospects of psychoanalytic theory. In J.
Strachey (Ed. and trans.). The standard edition of the complete psychological
works of Sigmund Freud. Vol. 7, р. 3–122. London: Hogarth.
- Freud S. 1923. The ego and the id. London: Hogarth.
- Freud S. 1927. The problem of lay analysis. New York: Brentano.
- Freud S. 1935. A general introduction to psychoanalysis. Vol. 1. New York:
- Freud S. 1948. An autobiographical study. London: Hogarth.
- Freud S. 1959. Collected papers. Vol. 3. New York: Basic Books.
- Jones E. 1953. The life and work of Sigmund Freud. Vol. 1. New York: Basic
- Jones E. 1953. The life and work of Sigmund Freud. Vol. 3. New York: Basic
- Kemper T. 1978. A social interactional theory of emotions. New York:
- Macalpine I. 1950. The development of the transference. Psychoanalytic
Quarterly, 19, 501–539.
- Masson J. (Ed.) 1985. The complete letters of S. Freud to W. Fliess
1887–1904. Cambridge: Belknap-Harvard.
- McGuire W. (Ed.) 1974. The Freud-Jung Letters. Princeton, NJ: Princeton
- Malcolm J. December S, 1983. Annals of scholarship. Trouble in the
Archives–l. The New Yorker. Р. 59–152.
- Menninger K. 1958. The theory of psychoanalytic technique. New York: Basic
- Mowrer O.H. (Ed.) 1967. Morality and mental health. Chicago, Rand
- Orr D. 1954. Transference and countertransference: An historical survey.
Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association. 621–670.
- Rogers C.R. 1942. Counseling and psychotherapy. Boston: Houghton
- Rogers C.R. 1951. Client-centered therapy. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
- Rogers C.R. 1954. The case of Mrs. Oak. in C.R. Rogers & R.F. Dymond
(Eds.), Psychotherapy and personality change. Chicago: University of Chicago
- Rogers C.R. 1965. Three approaches to psychotherapy 1. (film) Psychological
- Roustang F. 1982. Dire mastery. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press.
- Shlien J.M. 1963. Erotic feelings in psychotherapy relationships: Origins,
influences, and resolutions. Paper presented at Annual Meeting of the American
Psychological Association, Philadelphia.
- Van Kaam A. 1959. Phenomenal analysis: exemplified by a study of the
experience of "really feeling understood." Journal of Individual Psychology.
- Waelder R. 1956. Introduction to the discussion on problems of
transference. International Journal of Psychoanalysis. 37, 369–384.