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Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2075-3470

ISSN (online): 2311-9446


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 1992

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal


What does a client receive from a psychotherapist? 1305

Orlov A.B., PhD in Psychology, Professor at the Psychology faculty, the State University "Higher School of Economics". The head of the Institute of Practical Psychology, the State University "Higher School of Economics". Director of "Trialog" counselling centre., Moscow, Russia,
Orlova N.A.
Permogorskij M.S., Moscow, Russia
In this article the authors, developing the thesis of the therapeutic interaction as unconventional social communicative practice, answer on two questions: "What kind of communication that does not lead to giving advice?" and "What, then, gives psychologist-psychotherapist (if anything does) to the client?". According to the authors' trialogical approach to psychotherapy and counseling the degree of personalization-personification of the participants' mental structures in the communication is main differentiating parameter. The representations of the five levels of psychotherapeutic communication showed that the therapeutic (personified) communication is characterized by the primacy of listening on speaking and emotional content (emotions and feelings) on the cognitive content (data, information), as well as unconditional regard, empathy, congruence and ... covenant; whereas the conventional (personalized) communication, in contrast, is characterized by the primacy of speaking on listening and cognitive content on the emotional content, judgments, unempathy, incongruence, and as a result the advisе.

Keywords: psychologist-psychotherapist , client, psychotherapy, advice, trialogical approach to psychotherapy and counseling

Column: Theory and methodology

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