Russian Psychological Issues
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice For AuthorsAbout PsyJournals.ruContact Us

  Previous issue (2020. Vol. 28, no. 3)

Included in Scopus

Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2075-3470

ISSN (online): 2311-9446


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 1992

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal


Validation Of Methods Of Diagnosis Of Social Anxiety On The Russian Adolescents 3649


Klimenkova E.N.
Psychologist, school psychologist, the structural subdivision "Sevastopol", State professional educational establishment Complex «South-West», Moscow, Russia

Kholmogorova A.B.
Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Dean of the Faculty of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia

This article is devoted to the validation of Social Avoidance and Distress Scale — SADS (D. Watson, R. Friend, 1969) and a Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale — BFNE (Leary, MR, 1983) — two questionnaires for the study of social anxiety in the modern adolescent sample. 246 students of Moscow schools and colleges were involved in the study. It has been shown that the sex and age factors do not affect social anxiety, test responses are normally distributed. Standard intervals were identified for both questionnaires. Both questionnaires also showed high internal consistency and internal validity. In order to test the external validity of the questionnaires part of the sample filled out M. Kovac’s childhood depression and A.M. Prihozhan’s trait anxiety scales, previously validated in Russian adolescent samples. The resulting correlations confirm the external validity of the scales. This article was prepared with the financial support of a grant from the Russian Science Foundation (grant № 14-18-03461) at the Federal Medical Research Centre of Psy- chiatry and Narcology under the Ministry of Public Health of the Russian Federation.

Keywords: social anxiety, adolescence, validity, questionnaire, fear of negative evaluation, social avoidance, social distress

Column: Empirical studies


For Reference

  1. Volikova S.V., Kalina O.G., Kholmogorova A.B. Validizatsiya oprosnika detskoi depressii M. Kovaks [Validation of M. Kovacs’ Children’s Depression Inventory (CDI)]. Voprosy psikhologii, 2011, no. 5, pp. 121—132.
  2. Zimbardo F. Zastenchivost’ [Shyness]. Moscow: Pedagogika, 1991. 256 p. (in Russ.)
  3. Pavlova T.S., Kholmogorova A.B. Psikhologicheskie faktory sotsial’noi trevozhnos- ti v studencheskom vozraste [Psychological factors of social anxiety in students]. Konsul’tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya [Counseling Psychology and Psycho- therapy], 2011, no 1, pp. 29—43. (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  4. Prikhozhan A.M. Trevozhnost’ u detei i podrostkov: psikhologicheskaya priroda i vozrastnaya dinamika [Anxiety in children and adolescents: psychological nature and age dynamics]. Moscow: Moskovskii psikhologo-sotsial’nyi institut; Voronezh: Publ. NPO «MODEK», 2000. 304 p.
  5. Kholmogorova A.B., Garanyan N.G., Gorshkova D.A., Mel’nik A.M. Suitsidal’noe povedenie v studencheskoi populyatsii [Suicidal Behavior in the Student Popula- tion]. Kul’turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya [Cultural-Historical Psychology], 2009, no 3, pp. 101—110. (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  6. Beidel D.C., Turner S.M. Shy children, Phobic adults: Nature and treatment of so- cial phobia. Washington DC: American Psychological Association, 1998. 324 p.
  7. Clark D.M., Wells A. A cognitive model of social phobia. In Heimberg R.G., Li- ebowitz M.R., Hope D.A., Schneier F.R. (eds.) Social phobia: Diagnosis, assessment and treatment. New York: Guilford Press, 1995, pp. 69—93.
  8. Heimberg R.G., Stein M.B., Hiripi E., Kessler R.C. Trends in the prevalence of social phobia in the United States: A synthetic cohort analysis of changes over four decades. European Psychiatry, 2000. Vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 29—37. doi: 10.1016/S0924-9338(00)00213-3
  9. Leary M.R. A brief version of the Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale. Person-ality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 1983. Vol. 9, pp. 371—376. doi: dx.doi. org/10.1177/0146167283093007
  10. McGinn L.K., Newman M.G. Status Update on Social Anxiety Disorder. Interna- tional Journal of Cognitive Therapy, 2013. Vol. 6, no 2, pp. 88—113. doi: 10.1521/ ijct.2013.6.2.88
  11. Michail M., Birchwood M. Social anxiety disorder in first-episode psychosis: incidence, phenomenology and relationship with paranoia. The British Journal of Psy- chiatry, 2009. Vol. 195 (3), pp. 234—41. doi:
  12. Rodebaugh T.L., Woods C.M., Thissen D.M., Heimberg R.G., Chambless D.L., Rapee R.M. More information from fewer questions: the factor structure and item properties of the original and brief fear of negative evaluation scale. Psychological Assessment, 2004. Vol. 16 (2), pp. 169—181. doi: 10.1037/1040—3590.16.2.169
  13. Watson D., Friend R. Measurement of social-evaluative anxiety. Journal of Con- sulting and Clinical Psychology, 1969. Vol 33 (4), pp. 448—457. doi: http://dx.doi. org/10.1037/h0027806

© 2007–2021 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License Open Access Repository     Webometrics Ranking of Repositories

RSS Psyjournals at facebook Psyjournals at Twitter Psyjournals at Youtube ??????.???????