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Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2075-3470

ISSN (online): 2311-9446


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 1992

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal


Professionalization Of Empathy And Predictors Of Helping Professionals’ Burnout 2301


Karyagina T.D.
PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Chair of Individual and Group Psychotherapy, Faculty of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia

Kukhtova N.V.
PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor of Chair of Practical Psychology, Vitebsk State University named after P.M. Masherov

Olifirovich N.I.
PhD in Psychology, Assistant Professor, Chair of Developmental and Educational Psychology, M. Tank Belarus State Pedagogical University

Shermazanyan L.G.
Senior Lecturer, Chair of Individual and Group Psychotherapy, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

The article presents the results of a study of empathy in connection with the severity of symptoms of burnout among nurses. To assess empathy we used Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) by M. Davis, to measure burnout level — Maslach Burnout Test (MBT). As a result of the regression analysis of the data, the main hypothesis of the study was confirmed: it is the level of personal distress as a phenomenon of empathy dysregulation that contributes to the development of symptoms of helping professionals’ burnout. “Positive” empathic processes (perspective taking, fantasy and empathic concern) could serve as a means of burnout prevention. Personal distress is seen in its relationship with alexithymia (measured by Toronto Alexithymia Scale TAS-20-R) and psychological mindedness (propensity to psychological thinking, measured by Psychological Mindedness Scale by H. Conte) as the characteris- tics that reflect emotional regulation and coping strategies. The work experience of nurses did not act as a predictor of burnout indicators. This article was prepared with the financial support of the Russian Foundation of Hu- manities (project № 15-26-01007) and Belarusian Republican Foundation for Fundamental Research (project №Г15Р-028), international project “Empathy development in socionomic (“helping”) professions”.

Keywords: empathy, IRI test, perspective taking, fantasy, empathic concern, personal distress, empathy regulation, professional burnout, alexithymia, psychological mindedness

Column: Special topic: “The problem of empathy in modern culture”


For Reference

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