Russian Psychological Issues
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice For AuthorsAbout PsyJournals.ruContact Us

  Previous issue (2020. Vol. 28, no. 3)

Included in Web of Science СС (ESCI)

Included in Scopus

Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2075-3470

ISSN (online): 2311-9446


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 1992

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal


Features of the Value-Semantic Sphere in Experiencing a Difficult Life Situation in Maturity 608


Bartsalkina V.V.
Academic title Senior Researcher, Distant Learning, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia

Volkova L.V.
Master Student, L. Obukhova Chair of Developmental, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education (MSUPE), Moscow, Russia

Kulagina I.Y.
PhD in Psychology, Professor, Department of Educational Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia

We present the results of the study, aimed at revealing some features of the value-semantic sphere of adults who came across a difficult life situation and turned to specialists for help. The following inventories were used: J. Crumbaugh and L. Maholick’s Purpose in Life Test (adapted by D. Leont`ev), the Längle-Orgler Existence Scale, P. Stark’s Meaning in Suffering Test and the Allport-Ross Religious Orientation Scale. The sample consisted of 36 people aged 35—55 with neurotic reactions (n=18) and with codependency (n=18), who sought help from psychologists, psychiatrists and public organizations, and 31 people aged 35—55 in a subjectively prosperous situation (control group). The results show that in a difficult life situation a number of dimensions pertaining to the meaningfulness of life are reduced, the suffering accompanying this situation is insufficiently meaningful, and the extrinsic religious orientation is more expressed in comparison to the intrinsic one. There were no significant differences between groups of people with neurotic reactions and with codependency in any of the studied aspects of the value-semantic sphere. It is assumed that the intensity of experiences in a difficult situation and orientation to help from others are limiting reflexive analysis of life and the current moment, correlation of likely outcomes and subjectively significant values, and independent development of an adequate behavior strategy.

Keywords: difficult life situation, neurotic reactions, codependency, suffering, meaningfulness of life, religious orientation

Column: Special topic: coping with stress and difficult life situations


For Reference

  1. Bartsalkina V.V. Roditel’skaya sozavisimost’ kak faktor riska formirovaniya addiktsii u detei [Parental codependency as a risk factor of forming addictions in children]. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie [Psychological Science and Education], 2012, no. 4, pp. 18—25. (In Russ., abstr. in Engl).
  2. Borisova M.N. Osobennosti lichnostnykh smyslov u lyudei s raznymi vidami nevroza. Al’manakh sovremennoi nauki i obrazovaniya [Almanac of modern science and education], 2010, no. 6, pp. 56—57.
  3. Bratus’ B.S. Lichnostnye smysly po A.N. Leont’evu i problema vertikali soznaniya [Personal meanings according to A.N. Leontiev and the problem of the vertical of consciousness]. In Voiskunskii A.E., Zhdan A.N., Tikhomirov O.K. (eds.). Traditsii i perspektivy deyatel’nostnogo podkhoda v psikhologii: shkola A.N. Leont’eva [Traditions and prospects of activity approach in psychology: A.N. Leontiev`s school]. Moscow: Smysl, 1999, pp. 284—298.
  4. Vasilyuk F.E. Psikhologiya perezhivaniya (analiz preodoleniya kriticheskikh situatsii) [Psychology of experience (analysis of overcoming critical situations)]. Moscow: Izdatel’stvo Moskovskogo universiteta, 1984. 200 p.
  5. Guttmann D. Logoterapiya dlya professional’noi pomoshchi. Sotsial’naya rabota, napolnennaya smyslom [Logotherapy for the helping professional: Meaningful social work]. Moscow: Novyi Akropol’, 2016. 264 p. (In Russ.).
  6. Zaretskii V.K. Esli situatsiya kazhetsya nerazreshimoi… [If the situation seems unsolvable…]. Moscow: Forum, 2011. 64 p.
  7. Kholmogorova A.B. (ed.). Klinicheskaya psikhologiya. T. 1 [Clinical psychology. Vol. 1]. Moscow: Akademiya, 2010. 464 p.
  8. Kol’be K. Iskusstvo byt’ vzroslym. Nekotorye razmyshleniya o lichnostnoi zrelosti [The art of being an adult. Some reflections on personal maturity]. Ehkzistentsial’nyi analiz. Byulleten’ [Existential analysis. Bulletin], 2016, no. 8, pp. 41—56.
  9. Kulagina I.Yu., Apasova E.V., Metelina A.A. Fenomen vzroslosti: razvitie lichnosti i zhiznennyi put’ [The phenomenon of adulthood: personal development and way of life]. Moscow: Akademicheskii proekt, 2018. 329 p.
  10. Leont’ev A.N. Deyatel’nost’. Soznanie. Lichnost’ [Activity. Consciousness. Personality]. Moscow: Akademiya, 2005. 352 p.
  11. Leont’ev D.A. Psikhologiya smysla: priroda, stroenie i dinamika smyslovoi real’nosti [Psychology of meaning: nature, structure and dynamics of semantic reality]. Moscow: Smysl, 2007. 511 p.
  12. Leont’ev D.A. Test smyslozhiznennykh orientatsii [Life meaning orientations test]. Moscow: Smysl, 2000. 18 p.
  13. Längle A. Dotyanut’sya do zhizni… Ehkzistentsial’nyi analiz depressii [Reach for life ... Existential analysis of depression]. Moscow: Genezis, 2010. 128 p. (In Russ.).
  14. Moskalenko V.D. Sozavisimost’ pri alkogolizme i narkomanii (posobie dlya vrachei, psikhologov i rodstvennikov bol’nykh) [Codependence in alcoholism and drug addiction (manual for doctors, psychologists and relatives of patients)]. Moscow: Anakharsis, 2002. 112 p.
  15. Allport G. Lichnost’ v psikhologii [The person in psychology]. Moscow: KSP+; Saint Petersburg: Yuventa, Lenato, 1998. 345 p. (In Russ.).
  16. Titov R.S. Kontseptsiya individual’noi religioznosti G.Olporta: ponyatie religioznykh orientatsii [Gordon Allport: The concept of personal religious orientations]. Kul’turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya [ Cultural-Historical Psychology], 2013, no. 1, pp. 2—12. (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  17. Frankl V. Doktor i dusha: Logoterapiya i ehkzistentsial’nyi analiz [The doctor and the soul: Logotherapy and existential analysis]. Moscow: Al’pina non-fikshn, 2017. 338 p. (In Russ.).s
  18. Frankl V. Stradaniya ot bessmyslennosti zhizni. Aktual’naya psikhoterapiya [Suffering from the meaninglessness of life. Topical therapy]. Novosibirsk: Sibirskoe universitetskoe izdatel’stvo, 2018. 95 p. (In Russ.).
  19. Fromm E. Chelovek dlya sebya [Man for himself]. Moscow: AST, 2016. 320 p. (In Russ.).
  20. Chudnovskii V.E. Stanovlenie lichnosti i problema smysla zhizni. Izbrannye trudy [The formation of personality and the problem of the meaning of life. Selected works]. Moscow: MPSI; Voronezh: MODEK, 2006. 768 p.
  21. A. Längle (ed.). Ekzistentsial’nyi analiz. Byulleten’ № 1 [Existential analysis. Bulletin no. 1]. Moscow: IEAPP, 2009. 207 p.
  22. Ehmmons R. Psikhologiya vysshikh ustremlenii: motivatsiya i dukhovnost’ lichnosti [The psychology of ultimate concerns: motivation and spirituality in personality]. Moscow: Smysl, 2004. 416 p. (In Russ.).
  23. Batthyany A. Die Überwindung der Gleichgültigkeit. Sinnfindung in einer Zeit des Wandels. Wien: Kösel bei Random House, 2018. 230 s.

© 2007–2021 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License Open Access Repository     Webometrics Ranking of Repositories

RSS Psyjournals at facebook Psyjournals at Twitter Psyjournals at Youtube ??????.???????