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Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2075-3470

ISSN (online): 2311-9446

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/cpp

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 1992

Published quarterly

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Open Access Journal

 

Features of the Value-Semantic Sphere in Experiencing a Difficult Life Situation in Maturity 360

Bartsalkina V.V., Academic title Senior Researcher, Distant Learning, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, bartsalkina50@mail.ru
Volkova L.V., Master Student, L. Obukhova Chair of Developmental, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education (MSUPE), Moscow, Russia, vlv24@mail.ru
Kulagina I.Y., PhD in Psychology, Professor, Senior Researcher, Department of Educational Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, dissovetmgppu@mail.ru
Abstract
We present the results of the study, aimed at revealing some features of the value-semantic sphere of adults who came across a difficult life situation and turned to specialists for help. The following inventories were used: J. Crumbaugh and L. Maholick’s Purpose in Life Test (adapted by D. Leont`ev), the Längle-Orgler Existence Scale, P. Stark’s Meaning in Suffering Test and the Allport-Ross Religious Orientation Scale. The sample consisted of 36 people aged 35—55 with neurotic reactions (n=18) and with codependency (n=18), who sought help from psychologists, psychiatrists and public organizations, and 31 people aged 35—55 in a subjectively prosperous situation (control group). The results show that in a difficult life situation a number of dimensions pertaining to the meaningfulness of life are reduced, the suffering accompanying this situation is insufficiently meaningful, and the extrinsic religious orientation is more expressed in comparison to the intrinsic one. There were no significant differences between groups of people with neurotic reactions and with codependency in any of the studied aspects of the value-semantic sphere. It is assumed that the intensity of experiences in a difficult situation and orientation to help from others are limiting reflexive analysis of life and the current moment, correlation of likely outcomes and subjectively significant values, and independent development of an adequate behavior strategy.

Keywords: difficult life situation, neurotic reactions, codependency, suffering, meaningfulness of life, religious orientation

Column: Special topic: coping with stress and difficult life situations

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/cpp.2019270205

For Reference

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