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Al’mukhametova T.N., Kuminskaya E.A., Rzaeva F.R. Phenomenological analysis of the dynamics of clients’ experience in the process of psychotherapy: a case-study. Part 1 293
Kiselnikova N.V., PhD in Psychology, Deputy Director on science, head of laboratory of scientific foundations of psychotherapy and counseling Federal state scientific institution "Psychological Institute", Federal state budgetary institution "P. RAO", Moscow, Russia, email@example.com
Lavrova E.V., PhD in Psychology, Senior researcher of the Laboratory of Counselling Psychology and Psychotherapy, Psychological Institute of Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia, firstname.lastname@example.org
Almukhametova T.N., Researcher, Laboratory of Psychotherapy and Counseling Psychology, Federal State Budgetary Institution "Psychological Institute of the Russian Academy of Education", Moscow, Russia, email@example.com
Kuminskaya E.A., Researcher, Laboratory of Counselling Psychology and Psychotherapy, Psychological Institute of Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia, firstname.lastname@example.org
Rzaeva F.R., Graduate student of theDepartment of Personality Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University , Moscow, Russia, email@example.com
The paper describes the results of a phenomenological study of client experiences in the process of psychotherapy. We assumed that the experience changes during the course of psychotherapy, and the dynamics of the experience could be observed both within one session and between sessions. The sample consisted of 6 people aged 29 to 53, 5 women and 1 man. One woman attended 4 meetings with a psychotherapist, the man and other women — 3 meetings each. Conversations were recorded on a dictaphone and then transcribed. Two independent experts read and coded each transcript, and then codes were discussed. At the first stage of analysis, we noted unique semantic units. At the second stage, they were coded. We describe the dynamics of the experiences of each client separately from the beginning to the end of work with a psychotherapist. The results allow us to conclude that there are transformations of experiences in all clients; both in their experiences regarding the work process and also regarding the problem situations that were the reason for treatment. The results of further categorization, generalization, and interpretation will be described in the next paper.
Keywords: psychotherapy, effectiveness of psychotherapy, experience, phenomenological analysis, clients’ changes
Column: Case study
This work was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (project №16- 36-01020). This work was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (project №16- 36-01020).