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Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2075-3470

ISSN (online): 2311-9446

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpp

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 1992

Published quarterly

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Open Access Journal

 

A New Approach to Suicidal Behavior Diagnostics: A Review of Foreign Sources 511

Bannikov G.S.
PhD in Medicine, senior researcher, Center for Urgent Psychological Help, head of laboratory Scientific-methodical support of urgent psychological help, Moscow State Research Institute of Psychiatry, Ministry of Public Health and Social Development, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia
e-mail: bannikovgs@mgppu.ru

Vihristyuk O.V.
PhD in Psychology, Director of Center for Emergent Psychological Aid, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia
e-mail: tatjana.trt@mail.ru

Galynker I.
Doctor of Medicine, Doctor of Chemistry, Professor of Psychiatry, Institute name Aikana, New York, USA
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8083-9479
e-mail: galynke@gmail.com

Abstract
The paper presents a review of the studies on innovative suicide prevention strategies, methods, and approaches to diagnosing suicide risk. We examine the results of the studies that allow developing new approaches to creating effective suicide risk assessment tools, based on building a trusting relationship with the patient/client and focusing on the doctor’s/therapist’s own emotional experiences. We describe a complex narrative-crisis model of suicide that includes long-term and short-term risk factors for suicidal behavior and incorporates the suicidal crisis syndrome. We conclude with describing modern tendencies in suicide risk diagnostics — namely, overestimating the methods’ efficiency. New methods for assessing critical states possessing good predictive validity should be developed and implemented.

Keywords: suicide, diagnostic methods for suicidal behavior, suicidal crisis syn¬drome, narrative crisis model of suicide

Column: Special Topic: Personality Pathology: Destructive and Self-Destructive Behavior

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpp.2020280102

For Reference

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