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Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2075-3470

ISSN (online): 2311-9446

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpp

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 1992

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Open Access Journal

 

Maladaptive Personality Traits and Psychopathological Symptoms in Individuals with the First Suicidal Attempt and with Chronic Suicidal Behavior 315

Kholmogorova A.B.
Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Dean of the Faculty of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5194-0199
e-mail: kholmogorova@yandex.ru

Subotich M.I.
Medical Psychologist, Sklifosovsky Research Institute of Emergency Care, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5138-3107
e-mail: chernaya_masha@mail.ru

Korkh M.P.
Student, Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Faculty of Consultative and Clinical Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5366-8344
e-mail: mariya.korkh@gmail.com

Rakhmanina A.A.
Junior Researcher, Department of Acute Poisonings Treatment and Somatopsychiatric Disorders, The N.V. Sklifisovsky Research Institute of Emergency Medicine, Moscow, Russia
e-mail: rakhmanina.a@mail.ru

Bykova M.S.
Psychiatrist, N.V. Sklifosovsky Research Institute Of Emergency Medicine, Institution "research Institute SP them. N. V. Sklifosovsky DZM", Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0023-2202
e-mail: marbykova@list.ru

Abstract
The paper compares the severity of maladaptive personality traits and psychopathological symptoms in patients with primary and repeated suicide attempts. The study involved patients of the somatopsychiatric department of the Sklifosovsky Research Institute of Emergency Care (N=61), who committed the first suicide attempt (n=31) or a repeated attempt (n=30). The results of the study did not reveal differences between the two groups in the severity of symptoms of social anxiety, depression and trait anxiety. However, indicators of such maladaptive personality traits as perfectionism and hypersensitive narcissism were significantly higher in the group of patients with a repeated suicide attempt. This group also manifested higher rates of the severity of borderline personality disorder traits and significant correlations between measures of psychopathology and maladaptive personality traits listed above. Conclusion: timely diagnostics of maladaptive traits and psychotherapy targeting socially prescribed perfectionism, hypersensitive narcissism, and borderline personality features after the first suicide attempt is necessary to prevent repeated ones.

Keywords: suicidal behavior, repeated suicide attempts, psychopathological symptoms, maladaptive personality traits, borderline personality disorder, perfectionism, socially prescribed perfectionism, hypersensitive narcissism

Column: Special Topic: Personality Pathology: Destructive and Self-Destructive Behavior

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpp.2020280105

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