Russian Psychological Issues PsyJournals.ru
OPEN ACCESS JOURNALS
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice For AuthorsAbout PsyJournals.ruContact Us

  Previous issue (2020. Vol. 28, no. 1)

Included in Web of Science СС (ESCI)

Included in Scopus

Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2075-3470

ISSN (online): 2311-9446

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpp

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 1992

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

Pandemic as a Challenge to Subjective Well-Being: Anxiety and Coping 168

Rasskazova E.I.
PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of Neuro- and Pathopsychology, Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9648-5238
e-mail: e.i.rasskazova@gmail.com

Leontiev D.A.
PhD in Psychology, Professor, Head of International Laboratory of Positive Psychology of Personality and Motivation, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2252-9805
e-mail: dmleont@gmail.com

Lebedeva A.A.
Researcher, Laboratory of Personality Development Problems of People with Disabilities, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5919-5338
e-mail: anna.alex.lebedeva@gmail.com

Abstract
Most research on the pandemic today assumes that this situation is stressful and requires coping. The aim was to study subjective well-being in the situation of the pandemic and its relationship to coping and anxiety about coronavirus. 409 people filled Satisfaction With Life Scale, Scale of Positive And Negative Experiences, situational version of COPE, checklists assessing anxiety of infection and anxiety of the negative consequences of the pandemic. The comparison groups were three samples of 98, 66 and 293 people who filled Satisfaction With Life Scale and Scale of Positive And Negative Experiences in 2017 and 2019. There was a lower level of positive emotions among respondents in a situation of self-isolation, but the same level of satisfaction with life and negative emotions. Anxiety about the pandemic is related to higher negative emotions only. Emotionally oriented coping strategies and mental disengagement are associated with a higher level of pandemic anxiety. Problem-oriented and active coping strategies are weakly associated with lower anxiety that could be explained by the lack of ready effective methods of resolving this new and uncertain situation. Anxiety associated with current, acute and imminent risk (such as risk of infection), concentration on emotions and acceptance may not be dysfunctional strategies, as they are not associated with deterioration in overall well-being. On the contrary, attempts to cope with anxiety regarding negative consequences of a pandemic by mental disengagement, substance use and denial are associated with a lower level of satisfaction with life.

Keywords: subjective well-being, quality of life, coping, pandemic, coronavirus, COVID-19

Column: Challenges for Health and Education during the Pandemic

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpp.2020280205

For Reference

Funding

The study is supported by the Russian Science Foundation, project № 18-18- 00480 “Subjective indicators and psychological predictors of quality of life”.

References
  1. Enikolopov S.N., Kaz’mina O.Yu. Dinamika psikhologicheskikh reaktsii na nachal’nom etape pandemii COVID-19 [Dynamics of psychopathological reaction at the first stage of COVID-19 pandemics] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologicheskaya gazeta [Psychological Newspaper], 2020. Available at: https://www.psy.su/feed/8182/ (Accessed 09.05.2020).
  2. May R. Smysl trevogi [The Meaning of Anxiety]. Moscow: Institut obshchegumanitarnykh issledovanii, 2006. 416 p. (In Russ.).
  3. Osin E.N., Leont’ev D.A. Kratkie russkoyazychnye shkaly diagnostiki sub”ektivnogo blagopoluchiya: psikhometricheskie kharakteristiki i sravnitel’nyi analiz [Brief Russian-Language Instruments to Measure Subjective Well-Being: Psychometric Properties and Comparative Analysis]. Monitoring obshchestvennogo mneniya: ekonomicheskie i sotsial’nye peremeny [Monitoring of Public Opinion: Economic and Social Changes], 2020, no. 1, pp. 117—142.
  4. Rasskazova E.I., Gordeeva T.O., Osin E.N. Koping-strategii v strukture deyatel’nosti i samoregulyatsii: psikhometricheskie kharakteristiki i vozmozhnosti primeneniya metodiki COPE [Coping Strategies in the Structure of Activity and Self-Regulation: Psychometric Properties and Applications of the COPE Inventory]. Psikhologiya. Zhurnal Vysshei shkoly ekonomiki [ Psychology. Journal of the Higher School of Economics], 2013. Vol. 10 (1), pp. 82—118.
  5. Rasskazova E.I., Lebedeva A.A. Skriningovaya shkala pozitivnykh i negativnykh perezhivanii E. Dinera: aprobatsiya russkoyazychnoi versii [Diener’s Scale of Positive and Negative Experiences: Validation of the Russian version]. Psikhologiya. Zhurnal Vysshei shkoly ekonomiki [Psychology. Journal of the Higher School of Economics], 2020. In print.
  6. Seligman M. Novaya pozitivnaya psikhologiya [Authentic Happiness]. Moscow: Sofiya, 2006. 367 p. (In Russ.).
  7. Kharlamenkova N.E., Bykhovets Yu.V., Dan M.V., et al. Perezhivanie neopredelennosti, trevogi, bespokoistva v usloviyakh COVID-19 [Experiences of uncertainty, anxiety and unrest during COVID-19] [Elektronnyi resurs]. IP RAS, 2020. Available at: http://ipras.ru/cntnt/rus/institut_p/covid-19/kommentarii-eksp/har-1.html?fbclid=IwAR2oJC9T6N8XvicF7wz4neKQ8r8Yc3POe8bqmOzG NFaBJqWO77L6FBUNnok (Accessed 09.05.2020).
  8. Beck A., Emery G., Greenberg R. Anxiety Disorders and Phobias: A Cognitive Perspective. New York: Basic Books, 2005. 388 p.
  9. Carver C.S., Scheier M.F., Weintraub J.K. Assessing coping strategies: A theoretically based approach. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1989. Vol. 56 (2). P. 267—283. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.56.2.267
  10. Chaplin W.F. Moderator and mediator models in personality research. In Robins R.W., Fraley R.C., Krueger R.E. (eds.). Handbook of research methods in personality psychology. New York: The Guilford Press, 2007, pp. 602—632.
  11. Diener E., Emmons R.A., Larsen R.J., et al. The Satisfaction with Life Scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 1985. Vol. 49 (1), pp. 71—75. doi:10.1207/ s15327752jpa4901_13
  12. Diener E., Ryan K. Subjective well-being: a general overview. South African Journal of Psychology, 2009. Vol. 39 (4), pp. 391—406. doi:10.1177/008124630903900402
  13. Diener E., Wirtz D., Tov W., et al. New well-being measures: short scales to assess flourishing and positive and negative feelings. Social Indicators Research, 2010. Vol. 97 (2), pp. 143—156. doi:10.1007/s11205-009-9493-y
  14. Fredrickson B.L. The Role of Positive Emotions in Positive Psychology. American Psychologist, 2001. Vol. 56 (3), pp. 218—226. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.56.3.218
  15. Huang Y., Zhao N. Generalized anxiety disorder, depressive symptoms and sleep quality during COVID-19 outbreak in China: a web-based cross-sectional survey [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psychiatry Research, 2020. Available at: https://www.ncbi. nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7152913/ (Accessed 09.05.2020). doi:10.1016/j. psychres.2020.112954
  16. Lyubomirsky S. The myths of happiness: What should make you happy, but doesn’t, what shouldn’t make you happy, but does. New York: Penguin Press, 2013. 298 p.
  17. Pedersen S.S., Denollet J. Is Type D Personality Here to Stay? Emerging Evidence Across Cardiovascular Disease Patient Groups. Current Cardiology Reviews, 2006. Vol. 2 (3), pp. 205—213. doi:10.2174/157340306778019441
  18. Rajkumar R.Ph. COVID-19 and Mental Health: A Review of the Existing Literature [Elektronnyi resurs] // Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 2020. Vol. 52. Available at: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1876201820301775 (Accessed 09.05.2020). doi:10.1016/j.ajp.2020.102066
  19. Roy D., Tripathy S., Kar S.K., et al. Study of knowledge, attitude, anxiety & perceived mental healthcare need in Indian population during COVID-19 pandemic [Elektronnyi resurs]. Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 2020. Vol. 51. Available at: https:// www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1876201820301945 (Accessed 09.05.2020). doi:10.1016/j.ajp.2020.102083
  20. Watson D., Clark L.A., Carey G. Positive and negative affectivity and their relation to anxiety and depressive disorders. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 1988. Vol. 97 (3), pp. 356—363. doi:10.1037/0021-843X.97.3.346
 
About PsyJournals.ru

© 2007–2020 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved

PsyJournals.ru in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License Open Access Repository

RSS Psyjournals at facebook Psyjournals at Twitter Psyjournals at Youtube ??????.???????