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Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy - №2 / 2021 | Перейти к описанию
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Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2075-3470

ISSN (online): 2311-9446

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpp

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 1992

Published quarterly

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Ambivalent Prospection: Covid-Related Attitudes in Patients with Substance Dependence 124

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Tuchina O.D.
Researcher, Moscow Research and Practical Centre for Narcology of the Department of Public Health, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0683-9080
e-mail: shtuchina@gmail.com.

Agibalova T.V.
Doctor of Medicine, Principal Researcher, Moscow Research and Practical Centre for Narcology of the Department of Public Health, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1903-5265
e-mail: agibalovatv@mail.ru

Panov A.S.
Resident Doctor, Moscow Research and Practical Centre for Narcology of the Department of Public Health, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3367-5218
e-mail: groar@mail.ru

Shustov D.I.
Doctor of Medicine, Professor, Head of Psychiatry Department, I.P. Pavlov Ryazan State Medical University, Ryazan, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0989-6598
e-mail: dmitri_shustov@mail.ru

Bryun E.A.
Doctor of Medicine, Professor, President, Moscow Research and Practical Centre for Narcology of the Department of Public Health, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8366-9732
e-mail: evgenybryunrmapo@gmail.com

Buzik O.Zh.
Doctor of Medicine, Associate Professor, Deputy Director for Research, Moscow Research and Practical Centre for Narcology of the Department of Public Health, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9470-6781
e-mail: buzic58@bk.ru

Abstract
The study explored associations between individual characteristics that are considered markers of suicidal and non-suicidal self-destruction (substance dependence; hopelessness, and impulsiveness), prospection (or future thinking), and attitudes to a novel coronavirus infection (COVID-19). After all inclusion/exclusion criteria were met, the sample (N=102) included two comparison groups: Group 1 comprised male in-patients diagnosed with substance dependence (N=62), and Group 2 consisted of males without this diagnosis (N=40). Methods: Beck’s Hopelessness Scale; Barratt’s Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11); self-defining future projections (SDFP) generation task; COVID-19 self-report measure. Results: Groups had almost similar levels of declared COVID-related attitudes, but differed significantly in impulsiveness and hopelessness. SDFPs in Group 1 differed from those in Group 2 as to their phenomenological (shorter time perspective; more negative; less frequently simulated), content (higher frequency of Relationship and lower frequency of Achievement events), and psychological characteristics (lower Competence and Autonomy). Groups had different patterns of correlations between COVID-related and psychological parameters associated with self-destruction, as well as between all these parameters and SDFP characteristics. We also found evidence in favor of the hypothesis regarding protective function of prospection. Conclusions: We were able to confirm the association between dysfunctional COVID-related attitudes and individual characteristics that are frequently considered to be markers of non-suicidal self-destruction only partially. Nonetheless, the identified dissociation between declared COVID recognition and willingness to observe epidemiological precautions and actual neglect of those may require future study.

Keywords: COVID-19, self-destructive behavior, substance dependence, hopelessness, impulsiveness, prospection

Column: Facing the Challeges of COVID-19

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpp.2020280307

A Part of Article

The spread of a novel infection caused by SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) resulted in a dramatic change in people’s life style, global socioeconomic crisis, and deterioration of mental well-being in affected countries. People globally have been experiencing a whole range of negative emotions from lowered mood to hopelessness due to an exposure to isolation, financial challenges, close peoples’ illness and deaths, fear of getting infected and dying.

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