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Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2075-3470

ISSN (online): 2311-9446


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published since 1992

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Open Access Journal


Three-Factor Physical Perfectionism Scale as a New Tool for the Assessment of the Pathogenic Appearance Standards in the Modern Culture 1200


Kholmogorova A.B.
Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Dean of the Faculty of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia

Rakhmanina A.A.
Medical Psychologist, Junior Researcher, N.V. Sklifosovsky Research Institute of Emergency Medicine, Moscow, Russia

The paper presents a three-factor version of the Physical Perfectionism Scale. The study was conducted on a sample of students living in Moscow (n=125) and Astrakhan (n=75), including 155 women and 45 men (Mage=19,5; SD=1,83). The factor structure of the questionnaire was confirmed by means of confirmatory factor analysis. The model did not pass the test for gender invariance but showed high fit indices regardless of the cultural standards adopted in the place of residence of the respondents. The identified factors were found to be significantly associated with dissatisfaction with one’s appearance, perceived socio-cultural pressure, as well as fear of negative assessment, and the severity of symptoms of depression.

Keywords: physical perfectionism, cultural standards of appearance, three-factor scale of physical perfectionism, body dissatisfaction

Column: Validation and Development of New Psychodiagnostic Methods


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