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Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2075-3470

ISSN (online): 2311-9446

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpp

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 1992

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Validating Appearance-Based Rejection Sensitivity and Fear of Negative Appearance Evaluation Scales in the Russian Sample 285

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Razvaliaeva A.Yu.
Degree-Seeking Applicant, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2046-3411
e-mail: annraz@rambler.ru

Polskaya N.A.
Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Chair of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Department of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7305-5577
e-mail: polskayana@yandex.ru

Abstract
We present the results of validating Fear of Negative Appearance Evaluation Scale (Lundgren et al., 2004) and Appearance-based Rejection Sensitivity Scale (Park, 2007) on the Russian sample. These scales operationalize factors of interpersonal vulnerability to body dissatisfaction as a result of internalizing the notions of the ideal body transmitted by parents, peers and mass media. The sample included 760 respondents aged 16—48, 687 female (Mage=24, Med=22, SD=6.75) and 73 male (Mage=23.2, Med=22, SD=5.58). Confirmatory factor analysis confirmed that either scale had a single latent factor, both showed good internal consistency (Cronbach’s α for FNAE — α=0.91; ARS — α=0.93) and test-retest reliability (for FNAE — rs=0.89; for ARS —0.93; p<0,001). FNAE showed age differences, reaching the highest scores in the youngest group (aged 16—20). Convergent and discriminant validity of the scales was confirmed; they were positively related to attachment-related anxiety and disturbances in body image and eating behavior, and correlated negatively with self-esteem. Both scales had a positive impact on body image disturbances and drive for thinness. Fear of Negative Appearance Evaluation Scale and Appearance-based Rejection Sensitivity Scale can be used in studies broadly related to body dissatisfaction.

Keywords: validation, fear of negative appearance evaluation, appearance-based rejection sensitivity, physical attractiveness, body dissatisfaction, social anxiety, rejection sensitivity

Column: Validation and Development of New Psychodiagnostic Methods

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpp.2020280407

For Reference

Funding

The reported study was funded by Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR), project number 20-013-00429.

Acknowledgements

We express gratitude to Ksenia Matveeva and Maria Konovalova for their participation in the pilot study and to Daria Jakubovskaya for her aid in data collection.

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