Russian Psychological Issues PsyJournals.ru
OPEN ACCESS JOURNALS
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice For AuthorsAbout PsyJournals.ruContact Us

  Previous issue (2020. Vol. 10, no. 1)

Included in Web of Science СС (ESCI)

CrossRef

Psychology and Law

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2222-5196

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2011

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

Psychological characteristics of the formation of xenophobic attitudes 1917

Malantseva O.D.
PhD Student at the Department of Juridicial Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education; Specialist, Laboratory of the Forensic and Psychological Expertise, Russian Federal Center of the Forensic Expertise, Moscow, Russia
e-mail: knurik@yandex.ru

Abstract
The ways of origination of inter-group conflicts have different sources: both social on the level of inter-group relations and internal on the level of individual peculiarities. One of the phenomena which explain the expressions of violence, aggressive or hostile relationships between people is xenophobia, the mechanisms of which are analyzed in the contribution from the point of view of different approaches. It examines such approaches as clinical, individual-typological and socio-psychological. Xenophobia is viewed through the prism of inter-group relations, individual peculiarities and mental disorders. Besides, the article evaluates the development of xenophobia in ontogenesis, and makes attempts to explain which changes the children and adolescents go through in the perception of “aliens”, and what can determine such changes. The principal task of the article is the familiarization with possible theories of origin and existence of xenophobia. Exactly through the different theoretical approaches to research of this phenomenon it is possible to delineate the probable ways to oppose and prevent xenophobia, taking into account the age-related developmental period.

Keywords: xenophobia, authoritarianism, prejudices, in-group favoritism, out-group discrimination, ethnic identity.

Column: Psychology of Deviant and Criminal Behavior

For Reference

References
  1. Arutjunjan Ju.V., Drobizheva L. M., Susokolov A. A. Jetnosociologija. M., 1999.
  2. Enikolopov S.N. Psihologicheskie problemy prestuplenij nenavisti // Profilaktika ksenofobii, jekstremizma i nacionalizma v detskoj i podrostkovoj srede. Sb. nauchn. tezisov. M., 2009.
  3. Gulevich O.A., Onuchin A.N. Osnovnye napravlenija izuchenija jeffektov mezhgruppovogo vosprijatija  //  Voprosy psihologii. 2002. № 3.
  4. Dozorceva E.G. Ksenofobija: problema detej i vzroslyh // Profilaktika ksenofobii, jekstremizma i nacionalizma v detskoj i podrostkovoj srede. Sb. nauchn. tezisov. M., 2009.
  5. Medzhidova S.M. Social'no-psihologicheskaja tipologija, uchityvajuwaja vlijanie kul'tury na lichnost'. Jelektronnaja versija: http://psychology.az/tip_culture.php.
  6. Meshkova N.V. Situativnye i lichnostnye osobennosti mezhgruppovoj predubezhdennosti: Avtoref. diss. ...kand. psihol. nauk. M., 2009.
  7. Soldatova G.U., Makarchuk A.V. Mozhet li «drugoj» stat' drugom? Trening po profilaktike ksenofobii. M., 2006.
  8. Fromm Je. Dusha cheloveka. M.,1992.
  9. Jurasova E.N. Psihologicheskie osobennosti lic, sklonnyh k jekstremizmu, terrorizmu i ksenofobii // Juridicheskaja psihologija. 2008. № 4.
  10. Adorno T.W., Frenkel-Brunswik E., Levinson D.J., Sanford R.N. The authoritarian personality. N.Y., 1950.
  11. Allport G.W. The Nature of Prejudice. N.Y., 1954.
  12. Fiore I. The Psychological Dynamics тhat Make People Xenophobic. 2008. Электронная версия:  http://www.rivistadipsicologiaclinica.it/english/number3_08/Fiore.htm.
  13. Nesdale D. Social identity and ethnic prejudice in children. 1999. Электронная версия: http://www.vtpu.org.au/docs/crc/drewnesdale.pdf.
 
About PsyJournals.ru

© 2007–2020 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved

PsyJournals.ru in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License Open Access Repository

RSS Psyjournals at facebook Psyjournals at Twitter Psyjournals at Youtube ??????.???????