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Psychology and Law

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2222-5196


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2011

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal


Psychological characteristics of the formation of xenophobic attitudes 1955

Malantseva O.D.
PhD Student at the Department of Juridicial Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education; Specialist, Laboratory of the Forensic and Psychological Expertise, Russian Federal Center of the Forensic Expertise, Moscow, Russia

The ways of origination of inter-group conflicts have different sources: both social on the level of inter-group relations and internal on the level of individual peculiarities. One of the phenomena which explain the expressions of violence, aggressive or hostile relationships between people is xenophobia, the mechanisms of which are analyzed in the contribution from the point of view of different approaches. It examines such approaches as clinical, individual-typological and socio-psychological. Xenophobia is viewed through the prism of inter-group relations, individual peculiarities and mental disorders. Besides, the article evaluates the development of xenophobia in ontogenesis, and makes attempts to explain which changes the children and adolescents go through in the perception of “aliens”, and what can determine such changes. The principal task of the article is the familiarization with possible theories of origin and existence of xenophobia. Exactly through the different theoretical approaches to research of this phenomenon it is possible to delineate the probable ways to oppose and prevent xenophobia, taking into account the age-related developmental period.

Keywords: xenophobia, authoritarianism, prejudices, in-group favoritism, out-group discrimination, ethnic identity.

Column: Psychology of Deviant and Criminal Behavior

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