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Penal stress and its manifestations in the convicts, suspects and accused persons 1889
Melnikova D.V., Student, Chair of Clinical and Forensic Psychology, Department of Legal Psychology , Moscow State University of Psychology & Education , Moscow, Russia, email@example.com
Debolskiy M.G., PhD in Psychology, Professor, Department of legal psychology and law, faculty of legal psychology, DOCTOR OF EDUCATION MSUPE, Moscow, Russia, firstname.lastname@example.org
The paper is devoted to penal stress and its manifestations at the convicts, suspects and accused persons. This topic has been poorly studied. It is necessary to identify the groups of people especially most in need of prevention and correction of stress state and to define the target effects. The paper presents a theoretical analysis of the concepts of biological and psychological stress. Our theoretical work is mainly devoted to phenomenon of penal stress and factors affecting its formation. We suggested the definition of penal stress concept on the basis of the analyzed literature. The sample included 69 male persons (31 from predetention center, 38 from penal colony), aged 19 to 47 years old. Experimental psychological method of research was mainly used. In the practical part of the paper presents data on the prevalence of the penal stress in predetention centers and penal colonies. In addition, we have studied the relationship of penal stress with punishment stage, the crime characteristics of subjects, individual psychological characteristics, current state. The study allows us to reveal the groups of people in need of the prevention and correction of the penal stress state. We identified some target corrective action also.
Keywords: biological stress, psychological stress, penal stress, penal stress factors, frustration.