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Psychology and Law

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2222-5196

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

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To forget or to remember: Denial deflation effect and subjective confidence of autobiographical memories 1354

Nurkova V.V.
PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
e-mail: vernur@yahoo.com, nourkova@mail.ru

Abstract
The paper focuses on the problem of the long-lasting effect of deliberate lie on autobiographical memories, which seems to be of extreme importance for forensic psychology. Firstly, the literature on autobiographical memory’s malleability is reviewed in the context of legal issues. Then we present the empirical field study carried out to examine dynamics of confidence toward episodes of personal past after participants had been instructed a) to retell a false episode as true; b) to retell a false episode as false; c) to deny the reality of a true episode. We coined the main finding as “Denial deflation”. This effect exists in two forms. The first is forgetting of falsely denied true episode. The second is mistaken acceptance of truthfully denied false episode. Our findings indicate that the act of lying produces specific effect on memory performance both for intentional creation of false story and for intentional denial of true experience.

Keywords: autobiographical memory, lie, subjective confidence, autobiographical memory’s malleability

Column: Interdisciplinary Studies

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2015100210

For Reference

References
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