Previous issue (2020. Vol. 10, no. 1)
Included in Web of Science СС (ESCI)
Psychology of high risk driving (review of foreign studies) 1646
Doctor of Psychology, Head of the Laboratory of the psychohygiene and psychoprophylaxis, Federal State Budgetary Institution "V. Serbsky National Medical Research Centre for Psychiatry and Narcology" of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia
Researcher, Federal State Budgetary Institution “V. Serbsky Federal Medical Research Centre for Psychiatry and Narcology” of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia
PhD in Medicine, scientific secretary , Federal State Budgetary Institution "V. Serbsky Federal Medical Research Centre for Psychiatry and Narcology" of the Ministry of Healthcare of the Russian Federation , Moscow, Russia
clinical psychologist, Psychiatric hospital №15, Moscow, Russia
The article presents a brief review of foreign theoretical concepts, empirical data and methodological approaches to the problem of high risk driving. There were defined and described the factors of dangerous driving: factors of external environment and internal factors, including age, fatigue, use of medications, alcohol and drugs, personal styles, impaired sensory analyzers, neurological and cognitive disorders, emotional states, styles of responding to stress. Emphasizes the role of reduction of cognitive functioning, acquired brain injury, persistent or progressive neurological diseases, and acquired somatic disorders. The outline of its main models of driving: motivational, models of information processing, hierarchical management model. A separate section of the article focuses on cognitive factors, describes a wide spectrum of disorders of cognitive functions that may potentially impair driving safety. The theoretical and methodological grounds and empirical studies of cognitive functioning are described. Discuss prospects and limitations in studies of cognitive functioning, the predictive value of some tests, including neuropsychological. The conclusion made about the need for standardization and validation the Protocol of assessment drivers and candidates for drivers, also the necessity of the introduction of a common approach for all medical workers and specialists of nonmedical profile, in order to overcome the existing differences in estimates in the implementation of medical examination, expert activity and enforcement.
Mjalkin V.A. Kompleksnyj harakter jekspertnoj
psihologicheskoj ocenki sostojanija lic, sovershivshih DTP [The Complex nature
of the expert psychological evaluation state of the perpetrators of the
accident]. Materialy nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii Kochenovskie chtenija
«Psihologija i pravo v sovremennoj Rossii». [Proceedings of
scientific-practical conference Kochanowska reading “Psychology and law in
contemporary Russia”]. Moscow, 2012.
Osnovnye vidy psihologicheskih oshibok v processe
vozhdenija: Primenenie APK testirovanija i razvitija psihofiziologicheskih
kachestv voditelej v uchebnom processe avtoshkol [Elektronnyi resurs].
[Principal psychological errors in the driving process: Application APK to test
and develop the physiological qualities of the drivers in the educational
process of schools]. ZAO «NEJROKOM»
[ZAO «NEYROKOM»]. Moscow: official
site ZAO «NEJROKOM». URL:
Pravovaja zashhita avtoljubitelja: Statistika DTP v Rossii
2015 [Elektronnyj resurs] [Legal protection of the motorist: accident
Statistics in Russia 2015]. Pravovaja zashhita avtoljubitelej
protection of motorists]. Saint-Petersburg: web site vashamashina.ru. URL:
Shipshin S.S. Sudebno-psihologicheskaja jekspertiza
psihicheskogo sostojanija voditelja po delam o dorozhno-transportnyh
proisshestvijah. Diss. kand. psikhol. nauk. [Judicial-psychological examination
of the mental state of the driver in cases of road traffic accidents. Ph. D.
(Psychology) Thesis] Moscow, 1998. 236 p.
Baddeley A. Human Memory: Theory and Practice. Revised
Edition. East Sussex, UK: Psychology Press Ltd, 1997. 423 p.
Baddeley A. Working Memory. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1986.
Broadbent D.E., Broadbent M.H., Jones J.L. Performance
correlates of self- reported cognitive failure and of obsessionality.
British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 1986. Vol. 25, pp.
Brouwer W.H., Withaar F.K. Fitness to drive after
traumatic brain injury. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 1997.Vol. 73,
Cohen J.T. Graham J.D. A revised economic analysis of
restrictions on the use of cell phones while driving. Risk Analysis,
2003. Vol. 23, pp. 5–17.
Crawford J.R. Introduction to the assessment of attention
and executive functioning. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 1998. Vol.
83, pp. 209–211.
Dahlen E., Martin R., Ragan K., Kuhlman, M. Driving anger,
sensation seeking, impulsiveness, and boredom proneness in the prediction of
unsafe driving. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 2005. Vol. 37, pp.
Drews F.A., Pasupathi M., Strayer D.L. Passenger and cell
phone conversations in simulated driving. Journal of Experimental
Psychology, 2008. Vol. 14, pp. 392–400.
Dula C., Martin B., Fox R., Leonard R. Can you hear me
now? Relationship between conversation types and dangerous driving. Accident
Analysis and Prevention, 2011. Vol. 43 (1), pp. 187–193.
Dula C.S., Geller E.S. Risky, aggressive, or emotional
driving: Addressing the need for consistent communication in research.
Journal of Safety Research, 2003. Vol. 34, pp. 559–566.
DuPaul G., Power T., Anastopoulos A., Reid R. ADHD Rating
Scale-IV; Checklists, norms, and clinical interpretation. New York, NY:
Guilford Press, 1998. 80 p.
Engum E.S., Cron L., Hulse C.K., Pendergrass T.M., Lambert
W. Cognitive behavioral driver's inventory. Journal of Cognitive
Rehabilitation, 1988. Vol. 65, pp. 34–50.
Fischer M., Barkley R., Smallish L., Fletcher K.
Hyperactive children as young adults: Driving abilities, safe driving behavior,
and adverse driving outcomes. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 2007.
Vol. 39, pp. 94–105.
Fox G.K., Bashford G.M., Caust S.L. Identifying safe
versus unsafe drivers following brain impairment: The Coorabel Programme.
Disability and Rehabilitation, 1992.Vol. 14 (3), pp. 140–145.
Fox G.K., Bowden S.C, Smith D.S. On-road assessment of
driving competence after brain impairment: Review of current practice and
recommendations for a standardized examination. Archives of Physical
Medicine & Rehabilitation, 1998.Vol. 79 (10), pp. 1288–1296.
Galski T., Ehle H.T., Williams J.B. Estimates of driving
abilities and skills in different conditions. American Journal of
Occupational Therapy, 1998.Vol. 52 (4), pp. 268–275.
Gouvier W.D., Maxfield M.W., Schweitzer J.R., Horton C.R.
Shipp M., Neilson K., Hale P. Psychometric prediction of driving performance
among the disabled. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation,
1989. Vol. 70, pp. 745–750.
Groupe de Reflexionsurl' Evaluation des Fonctions
Executives. The Evaluation of executive functions in clinical practice.
Revue de Neuropsychologic, 2001. Vol. 11 (3), pp. 383–434.
Halvari H., Gjesme T. Trait and state anxiety before and
after competitive performance. Perceptual & Motor Skills,1995. Vol.
81 (3), pt. 2, pp. 1059–1070.
Handler B.S., Patterson J.B. Driving after brain
injury. Journal of Rehabilitation, 1995. April/Mav/June, pp.
Hopewell C.A. Driving assessment issues for practicing
clinicians. The Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 2002. Vol. 17
(1), pp. 48–59.
Hunt L.A., Murphy C.F., Carr D., Duchek J.M., Buckles V.,
Morris J.C. Reliability of the Washington University Road Test. Archives of
Neurology, 1993.Vol. 54, pp. 707–712.
Iversen H., Rundmo T. Personality, risky driving and
accident involvement among Norwegian drivers. Personality and Individual
Differences, 2002. Vol. 33, pp. 1251–1263.
Janelle C.M., Singer R.N., Williams A.M. External
distraction and attentional narrowing: visual search evidence. Journal of
Sport & Exercise Psychology, 1999. Vol. 21, pp. 70–91.
Jonah B.A. Sensation seeking and risky driving: A review
and synthesis of the literature. Accident Analysis and Prevention,
1997.Vol. 29 (5), pp. 651–655.
Lambert E.W., Engum E.S. Construct validity of the
cognitive behavioral drivers' inventory: age, diagnosis and driving ability.
Cognitive Rehabilitation, 1992.May/June, pp. 32–45.
Lansdown T.C, Fowkes M., Wierwille W.W., Tijerina L.
Workload demands of in vehicle displays, in Vision In Vehicles VI by Gale A.G.
Ed; Brown, I.D. Ed. Oxford, England UK: AnonimaRomana,1998, pp.215–243.
Larson G.E., Alderton D.L., Neideffer M., Underhill, E.
Further evidence of dimensionality and correlates of the Cognitive Failures
Questionnaire. British Journal of Psychology, 1997. Vol. 88, pp.
Lehto M.R. A proposed conceptual model of human behavior
and its implications for designs of warnings. Perceptual Motor Skills,
1991. Vol. 73, pp. 595–611.
Lezak M.D. Neuropsychological Assessment, 2nd edition. NY:
Oxford University Press, 1983. 1026 p.
Lezak M.D. Neuropsychological Assessment, 3rd edition. NY:
Oxford University Press, 1995. 768 p.
Lundberg C., Hakamies-Blomqvist L., Almkvis O., Johansson
K. Impairments of some cognitive functions are common in crash-involved older
drivers. Accident Analysis and Prevention. 1998. Vol. 30 (3), pp.
Luria A.R. Higher Cortical Functionings in Man. New York:
Basic, 1966. 513 p.
Massie D.L., Campbell K.L., Williams A.F. Traffic accident
involvement rates by driver age and gender. Accident Analysis and
Prevention, 1995.Vol. 27 (1), pp. 73–78.
Mathews G. Driver Stress and Performance on a Driving
Simulator. Human Factors, 1998.Vol. 40 (1), March, pp. 136–149.
Maxwell J.P., Grant S., Lipkin, S. Further validation of
the Propensity for Angry Driving Scale in British drivers. Personality and
Individual Differences, 2005. Vol. 38, pp. 213–224.
McKnight A.J., McKnight A.S. The effect of cellular phone
use on driver attention. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 1993. Vol.
25, pp. 259–265.
Michon J.A. A critical view of driver behavior models:
what do we know, what should we do? In: Evans L., Schwing R. Eds Human
Behaviour and Traffic Safety. N.Y.: Plenum Press, 1985. P. 485–520.
Milosevic S. Drivers' fatigue studies. Ergonomics,
1997.Vol. 40 (3), pp. 381–389.
Mobini S., Pearce M., Grant A., Mills J., Yeomans M.R. The
relationship between cognitive distortions, impulsivity, and sensation seeking
in a non-clinical population sample. Personality and Individual
Differences, 2006. Vol. 40, pp. 1153–1163.
Moeller C.W., Barratt E.S., Dougherty D.M., Schmitz J.M.,
Swann A.C. Psychiatric aspects of impulsivity. American Journal of
Psychiatry, 2001. Vol. 158, pp. 1783–1793.
Molen H.H., van der Botticher A.M. Risk models for traffic
participants: A concerted effort for theoretical operationalization. In:
Rothengatter J.A., de Bruin R.A-, eds. Road users and traffic safety. Assen,
The Netherlands: Van Gorcum, 1987. 187 p.
Mori Y., Mizohata M. Characteristics of older road users
and their effect on road safety. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 1995.
Vol. 27 (3), pp. 391–404.
Naatanen R., Summala H. Road User Behavior and Traffic
Accidents. New York: North Holland Publishing Company, 1976. 140 p.
Odenheimer G.L., Beaudet M., Jette A.M., Albert M.S.,
Grande L., Minaker K.L. Performance-based driving evaluation of the elderly
driver: safety, reliability, and validity. Journal of Gerontology,
1994.Vol. 49 (4), pp. 153–159.
Perry A.R., Baldwin D.A. Further evidence of associations
of Type A personality scores and driving-related attitudes and behaviors.
Perceptual and Motor Skills, 2000. Vol. 91, pp. 147–154.
Ranney T.A. Models of driving behavior: a review of their
evolution. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 1994.Vol. 26 (6), pp.
Rasmussen J. The definition of human error and a taxonomy
for technical system design. In Rasmussen J., Duncan K., Leplar J.Eds. New
Technology and Human Error. Chichester, U.K.: Wiley, 1987.
Redelmeier D.A., Tibshirani R.J. Association between
cellular-telephone calls and motor vehicle collisions. The New England
Journal of Medicine, 1997. Vol. 336, pp. 453–458.
Rey A. L'examenclinique en psychologic. Paris: Presse
Unversitaire de France, 1958. 340 p.
Rimmo P.A., Aberg L. On the distinction violations and
errors: Sensation seeking associations. Transportation Research Part F:
Traffic Psychology and Behavior, 1999. Vol. 2, pp. 151–166.
Rockwell T. Skills, judgement and information acquisition
in driving. In: Forbes T.W. Ed Human Factors In Highway Traffic Safety
Research. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1972. P. 106–120.
Rothengatter T. Risk and the absence of pleasure: A
motivation approach to modelling road user behavior. Ergonomics,
1988.Vol. 31, pp. 599–607.
Ryan G.A., Legge M., Rosman D. Age-related changes in
drivers' crash risk and crash type. Accident Analysis and Prevention,
1998.Vol. 30 (3), pp. 379–387.
Schaie K.W. Intellectual development in adulthood. In
Handbook of the Psychology of Aging, 4th edn. San Diego: Academic Press, 1996,
Schneider W., Shiffen R.M. Controlled and automatic human
information processing: I. Detection search and attention. Psychological
Review, 1977.Vol. 84, pp. 1–54.
Shallice T. Specific impairments of planning. In:
Broadbent D.E., Weiskrantz L. eds. The Neuropsychology of Cognitive Function.
London: The Royal Society, 1982, p. 199–229.
Shinar D. Traffic safety and individual differences in
driver’s attention and information processing capacity. Alcohol, Drugs and
Driving, 1993. Vol. 9, pp. 219–237.
Strayer D.L., Drews F.A., Albert R.W., Johnston W.A. Cell
phone-induced failures of visual attention during simulated driving. Journal
of Experimental Psychology, 2003. Vol. 9, pp. 23–32.
Strohbeck-Kuhner P. Test anxiety in driving-fitness
appraisals: the anxiety performance relationship. Zeitschrift fur
Differentielle und Diagnostische Psychologie, 1999.Vol. 20 (1), pp.
Summala H. Risk control is not risk adjustment: The
zero-risk theory of driver behaviour and its implications. Ergonomics,
1988.Vol. 31, pp. 491-506.
Sweeney-Burton C. Effects of self-relations techniques
training on performance anxiety and on performance quality in a music
performance condition. Dissertation Abstracts International, A Humanities and
Social Sciences. US: University Microfilms International, 1998. 81 p.
Thompson A., Molina B., Pelham W., Gnagy E. Risky driving
in adolescents and young adults with childhood ADHD. Journal of Pediatric
Psychology, 2007. Vol. 32, pp. 745–759.
Van Zomeren A.H., Brouwer W.H., Rothengatter J., Snoek J.
Fitness to drive a car after recovery from severe head injury. Archives of
Physical Medicine and Medical Rehabilitation, 1988.Vol. 6 (9), pp.
Wallace R.B. Cognitive change, medical illness, and crash
risk among older drivers: an epidemiological consideration. Alzheimer Disease
and Associated Disorders, 1997, p. 31–37.
Walsh K.W. Frontal lobe problems. In G.V. Stanley, K.W.
Walsh eds. Brain Impairment. Proceedings of the 1976 Brain Impairment Workshop.
Parkville, Victoria, Australia: Neuropsychology Group, Dept. of Psychology,
University of Melbourne, 1978. P. 62–70.
Wilson F.A., Stimpson J.P. Trends in fatalities from
distracted driving in the United States, 1999 to 2008. American Journal of
Public Health, 2010. Vol. 100, pp. 2213–2219.
Withaar F.K., Brouwer W.H., van Zomeren A.H. Fitness to
drive in older drivers with cognitive impairment. Journal of the
International Neuropsychological Society, 2000. Vol. 6, pp. 480–490.
Woodruff-Pak D.S. The Neuropsychology of Aging. USA:
Blackwell ell Publishers Inc, 1997. 372 p.