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Psychology and Law

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2222-5196

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2011

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The personal dispositions of violent extremism 1458

Davydov D.G.
PhD in Psychology, Head of the Laboratory of adolescent socialization, Moscow city Psychological & Pedagogical Centre, Moscow, Russia
e-mail: DavydovDG@edu.mos

Abstract
The paper presents the differences in the nature of extremism and radicalism, and the necessity of introducing the concept of "violent extremism." It is shown that the ideology is the explanation of extremist behavior, rather than its cause. The ideology of extremism often eclectic, contradictory and can easily be transformed by changing the object of hostility, depending on the situation. For the description of the psychological causes of extremism it is proposed to use the concept of personal disposition. Disposition is the preferred way to subjective interpretation of reality and reflects both the specific needs of a person as well the typical social situations where it realized and personal experience. Considered the following dispositions of violent extremism: the Cult of force and aggression, Intolerance, Out-group hostility Conventional coercion, Social pessimism and destructiveness, Mystical, Fighting and overcoming, Nihilism to law, Anti-subjectivism. It is proposed to use these dispositions as diagnostic criteria and for preventing and correcting.

Keywords: extremism, violence, personal dispositions, authoritarianism, ideology, diagnosis, prevention.

Column: Psychology of Extreme Situations and Crises

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2017070109

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