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Psychology and Law

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2222-5196

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2011

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The power of imagination / The weakness of dating: on two origins of autobiographical memory distortion 1082

Nurkova V.V.
PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
e-mail: vernur@yahoo.com, nourkova@mail.ru

Vasilenko D.A.
graduate, Lomonosov State University, Moscow, Russia
e-mail: baskun4ak@mail.ru

Abstract
The article focuses on issues of autobiographical memory malleability which are of high relevance to forensic practice. Taking into account both single case report and mass studies we revealed that time is the weakest aspect of autobiographical recollection. Namely, dating of past event and ordering of event components are prone to memory distortion to the maximum extent. Paradoxically, it coincides with high confidence in accuracy of event recalled. Than we shifted to the most discussed in the relevant literature mechanism of memory transformation i.e. imagination inflation. This mechanism consists of mistaking just imagined event for a real one. We also noted that high subjective probability of imagined event and reliable source of misinformation make significant impact into memory transformation.

Keywords: constructiveness of cognition, autobiographical memory, subjective confidence, autobiographical memory’s malleability.

Column: Forensic and Clinical Psychology in Legal Context

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2017070115

For Reference

References
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