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Clinical and psychological factors for criminal aggression 1449
Doctor of Psychology, head of chair of clinical and forensic psychology, department of legal psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia
PhD in Psychology, Assistant Professor, Clinical and Forensic Psychology Department, Faculty of Legal Psychology, MSUPE, Moscow, Russia
graduate of the faculty of legal psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia
The article substantiates approach to the study of crime of aggression, taking into account the analysis of the behavior principles of interaction of personal and situational factors; interaction of aggressive and antiaggressive personal factors. Three-dimensional typology of crime of aggression formed three axles: high – low aggressiveness; formation – aborted personal aggression inhibitors; neutral – a legally significant traumatic situation. This typology has been verified on the basis of empirical material, including 329 people (257 males and 72 women aged 18 to 70 years) charged with violent crimes. All of the defendants (33 % mental health 67 % – with a variety of mental disorders not excluding sanity) were examined in the production of a comprehensive forensic psychological and psychiatric examination. A cluster analysis of the subjects (Ward's method) showed the validity of the choice of three bases of a typology of criminal aggression. The most powerful discriminator of types of aggression were personal inhibitors of aggression, less severe factors of high aggressiveness and characteristics of the situation. Identified correlations between various mental disorders and types of aggression.
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