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Gender differences in perception of stress among interrogators 639
Postgraduate, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education , Moscow, Russia
In the article results of research of features of reaction to professional stress at employees of interrogators bodies depending on a gender accessory are stated. 106 employees of interrogators bodies (62 of them men and 44 women aged 22 to 43 years, average age 29 years) were studied with work experience from 0.5 to 21 years. The methodical complex included: a test for professional stress. Azarnykh, I.M. Tyrtyshnikov, a symptomatic questionnaire SCL-90-R, a technique for diagnosing the level of professional burnout. Boyko, the technique of coping behavior in stressful and problematic situations for the individual LI. Wasserman, McLean's organizational stress scale, a questionnaire for assessing the severity of fatigue states, monotony, satiety, stress. Leonova, the method of the "Schulte table"). It has been revealed that female interrogators are subject to a higher level of stress, as well as to a higher level of organizational stress and neuropsychic stress than their male counterparts. Female interrogators outperform their male colleagues in all three phases, as well as individual symptoms of emotional burnout. In addition, female interrogators workers are more likely than men to interrogators conditions characterized by fatigue, monotony, and satiety. Also, female interrogators show higher rates of various psychological signs of symptomatic disorders: somatization, obsessive-compulsive disorders, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, hostility, phobic anxiety, and general indices - the symptomatic distress index and symptom severity index. In addition, female interrogators differ from their male colleagues in choosing the stress of overcoming strategies. In addition, the influence of the aspects of age, length of service and level of stress on the peculiarities of stress response in men and women of interrogators was found.
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