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Psychology and Law

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2222-5196

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

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Experience in combining rehabilitation and rehabilitation approaches in the work on the prevention of recidivism among minors in the work of the court 345

Gartvik E.V.
PhD-student, Chelyabinsk State University, Chelyabinsk, Russia
e-mail: gartvik.elena@mail.ru

Krasnik V.S.
PhD in Psychology, Associate professor, Chelyabinsk State Universtity , Chelyabinsk, Russia

Abstract
The article deals with the experience of the Kalininsky District Court of Chelyabinsk on the prevention of juvenile delinquency. It is noted that for effective prevention of relapse among juvenile offenders it is not enough only to confess guilt, to apologize to the victim, to compensate for the damage caused. Prevention of juvenile delinquency should be a complex system of interacting services and departments, as well as forms and methods of work aimed at: identifying and neutralizing adverse social conditions that adversely affect the adolescent's psyche; identification of adolescents falling into "risk groups", carrying out preventive and corrective work with them. A complex of preventive measures implemented in the practice of the court is of a combined nature. Restorative procedures are applied in the form of mediation, which is aimed at restoring the situation, admission of guilt by the person guilty of forming a readiness to make amends for the harm done and "cure" the victim. For the psychological rehabilitation of the offender, we use a rehabilitation approach. More than 90% of the examined minors whose criminal records were referred to the court had a mental trauma caused by the loss of one of the parents (divorce or death of one of them). Procedures for rehabilitation are in the work with child psychic trauma, which, violating the integrity of the "personality-subject" system, is a predictor of criminal behavior. As a result, for the period from 2015 to 2017. among minors who have gone through the mediation and therapy of child psychiatric trauma, to date, there has not been a single case of relapse.

Keywords: restorative justice, child mental trauma, mediation, juvenile delinquents, rehabilitation approach.

Column: Juvenile Legal Psychology

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2018080402

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